Before describing the cornerstones, elements and strategies needed to operationalise NRM interventions (Section 3), we briefly outline some of the foundations (Sayer and Campbell 2004; Harwood and Kassam 2003; Campbell et al. 2006) behind the approach. A set of principles have been suggested, grouped into three categories (Figure 2.1):
(a) learning approaches – committing to action research, learning and experimenting among stakeholders;
(b) systems approaches – what types of action are needed where?
(c) organisational models for implementing effective NRM.
The operational cornerstones and the foundations are closely linked, as indicated in Table 2.1.
A commitment to learning approaches is...