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Research Report

Livelihoods, land types and the importance of ecosystem goods and services: Developing a predictive understanding of landscape valuation by the Punan Pelancau people of East Kalimantan

Timothy Lynam
Robert Cunliffe
Douglas Sheil
Meilinda Wan
Agus Salim
Hari Priyadi
Imam Basuki
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2006
Pages: 79
OPEN ACCESS
https://www.jstor.org/stable/resrep02080
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-2)

    Since 1996, three years after its establishment, CIFOR has developed a long-term multidisciplinary research program in the Malinau region of East Kalimantan. The broad objective is to provide policy-relevant information that will enable more informed, productive, sustainable and equitable decisions about the management and use of tropical forests. Or, more specifically, to contribute to achieving forest sustainability for a ‘large forest landscape’ in the humid tropics, where diverse, rapidly changing and often conflicting land use demands exist.

    Earlier studies focused on gathering baseline information on the biophysical, social and economic situation of the area. More recently, attention has been given...

  2. (pp. 3-5)

    The study area forms part of the upper Malinau drainage in East Kalimantan. The Malinau River rises just to the east of Kayan Mentarang National Park and the highland watershed that forms the border between East Kalimantan and Malaysia. From here it drains some 120 km north-northeast to Malinau town, where it joins the Mentarang River, and then continues as the Sesayap River until it spills into the ocean near Tarakan, some 80 km to the east (Figure 1). The upper Malinau basin, from Lio Mutai upstream, is very sparsely settled (less than one inhabitant per km²), little developed (no...

  3. (pp. 6-12)

    The desired output was a map showing how importance attributed to the landscape by local communities varied with location in a rugged tropical forest landscape in East Kalimantan. To achieve this objective we adapted and evaluated methods developed in Mozambique for a dry Southern African landscape (Lynam et al. 2004). Maps were generated from a variety of data using statistical modelling and standard spatial interpolation processes. Data collection was carried out over two field trips during the last quarter of 2003.

    The approach was iterative. First we developed a general conceptual model of landscape unit importance; next we clarified what...

  4. (pp. 13-39)

    The key data derived through the community assessments were the identification and valuation of land types, the goods and services associated with each of these, and the identification and elucidation of potential cost factors that serve to make access to resources more difficult. These results directly informed the development of the models. The considerable volume of additional data provides important context for understanding and evaluating these key aspects. Additional data collected at Long Loreh, concerning the identification of land types and associated goods and services for the downstream Long Loreh area (Lynam et al. 2003), are not presented here since...

  5. (pp. 40-41)

    Recent studies emphasise the rapid changes currently taking place within the upper Malinau basin (Kaskija 2002; Sellato 2001; Sheil et al. 2003). Some relate to the Malinau in particular, while others are a product of national trends such as changing patterns of governance and economic conditions.

    Access has improved, initially through the introduction of boats and engines in the 1980s, and more recently through construction of several roads into the upper Malinau. This has eased transport difficulties, leading to an increase in shops in the larger villages such as Long Loreh, and even the smaller villages such as Lio Mutai...

  6. (pp. 42-51)

    In this section we review the key lessons that we have learnt through this project and provide suggestions as to how the approach that was tested in Lio Mutai could be improved for use in other locations. To effectively evaluate what we have achieved and to propose changes that might lead to a robust and generally useful approach, we need to be clear on the context in which we expect the approach to be used. We therefore begin with a discussion of what we see as the context in which the approach and procedures developed and tested might be applied....

  7. (pp. 52-53)

    Drawing on the methods used, the results obtained, and their subsequent appraisal, we draw the following principal conclusions.

    The spatial distribution of Pelancau settlements and areas of resource use provided an unexpectedly complicated situation for testing the method. Whilst challenging to model, this situation equally stimulated the use and development of alternative methods, some of which show considerable promise.

    In terms of choices of methods, it is imperative at the outset to be clear as to the purpose of the study, and who are the intended clients, for this will dictate whether to lean more towards purely extractive or co-learning...