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Research Report

The operational role of remote sensing in forest and landscape management: Focus group discussion proceedings

Gen Takao
Hari Priyadi
Wim Ikbal Nursal
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2010
Pages: 112
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. vi-vi)
    Markku Kanninen

    I welcome the participants to CIFOR in Bogor. I am particularly happy to see so many participants from organisations or groups that have actually been involved in landscape or land use management. I am aware that some of the participants have come from national parks and other organisations that already use remote sensing (RS).

    I feel that it is very important to share experiences so that participants could prepare themselves to use RS as part of their landscape management activities. I believe that in terms of the evolution of remote sensing, two important aspects stand out.

    First, it appears that...

  2. (pp. 1-2)

    Remote sensing (RS) is both a technology and a science. It is used to observe objects from a distance, especially from above, so as to measure and monitor them in a way that is quite different from taking direct measurements on the ground. The technology has been the subject of a vast amount of research and development, including work on sensors, processing and analysis. Since its introduction, RS has been assumed to contribute to forest and landscape management, and studies made using RS have undoubtedly improved understanding and management of the study sites.

    However, RS has not contributed to operational...

  3. (pp. 3-6)

    Prior to the focus group discussion, a preliminary questionnaire was sent to each of the 13 participating organisations. It consisted of two questions: ‘What are your experiences with remote sensing?’ and ‘What are your expectations of remote sensing?’.

    Q1. What are your experiences with remote sensing?

    Q2. What are your expectations of remote sensing?

    What are your current interests or problems to which remote sensing might be applied? What are your expectations or hopes for the future of remote sensing? What constraints do you anticipate in applying remote sensing in your operational management? Do you think remote sensing will be...

  4. (pp. 7-12)
    Gen Takao, Lilik Budi Prasetyo, Indrawan Suryadi, Damsir Chaniago, Werdi Septiana, Michael Padmanaba and Gusti Herdiansyah

    Today there is a great variety of remote sensing data, with a wide range of resolutions and some new types of sensors. Nevertheless, the technology still has not successfully been applied to real forest management at the tactical level. Possible reasons include cost, capacity and institutional problems. Application of RS for forest management should be based on operational knowledge and experience and be embedded in regular management operations; also necessary is a functional relationship between managers and remote sensing experts to overcome the gaps between the technology and the demands.

    Comment 1: Satellite images are very expensive for non-commercial sectors...

  5. (pp. 13-16)
    Sonya Dewi

    The previous presentations provided a great overview of natural resource management. They also introduced some cases of remote sensing used in landscape management, spatial planning issues and inter-organisational coordination and cooperation issues.

    During the presentations, three common issues on landscape management arose. The first is the limited resources for management, which means we need planning to set priorities. The second is the trade-off between conservation and development. The third is the existence of many and different stakeholders within a landscape. In general, all management practice follows certain steps, i.e. identification, implementation and monitoring, which are tailored for specific management objectives....

  6. (pp. 17-22)
    Hari Priyadi, Lilik B. Prasetyo and Wim Ikbal Nursal

    The participants were divided into three groups for in-depth discussions about how remote sensing can/should be applied in forest management. Each group was assigned a preliminary theme of discussion.

    The group started the discussion with an exercise in identifying ground objects in an example high-resolution image of Bogor Botanical Gardens (Kebun Raya Bogor), an 80 ha area of gardens comprising trees and plants as well as greenhouses, research facilities, ponds and rivers, in the city centre. Members identified settlements, land for conservation area, construction, streams, river, canopy trees, trees, park, streets, railway/railroads, clouds, agricultural areas and so on.

    They then...

  7. (pp. 23-24)
    Lilik B. Prasetyo and Gen Takao

    Today, we, foresters, government officials, activists, scientists and engineers, gathered at CIFOR to discuss the operational role of remote sensing in landscape and forest management. Our aim was to discuss the theme from the viewpoint of (potential) remote sensing users who had implemented (or wanted to implement) the technique in their own forest/land management. Sharing experiences and expectations for remote sensing during a preliminary questionnaire, presentations and plenary discussion, the participants noted that cooperation among the various actors is quite important, and specifically raised the following issues.

    1. It is necessary to bridge the gap between RS users and experts.


  8. (pp. 25-27)
    Gen Takao

    The discussions revealed that, despite a wide range of experiences with and expectations of RS for forest/land management and a shared view that RS was the only means to monitor a wide area, several constraints prevent the implementation of RS. Many of these were institutional rather than technical, and have been already identified by many experts (Wynne et al. 1997; Holmgren et al. 1998; Franklin 2001). However, they remain unresolved, possibly because RS experts have not taken the institutional constraints into consideration. Taking such institutional constraints into account could result in a new technical framework for satellite monitoring systems.