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Research Report

Guide for country profiles: Global Comparative Study on REDD (GCS-REDD) Component 1 on National REDD+ Policies and Processes

Maria Brockhaus
Monica Di Gregorio
Sheila Wertz-Kanounnikoff
Copyright Date: Feb. 1, 2010
Pages: 46
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 2-4)

    A number of causes of deforestation and degradation are highlighted in the literature. These range from direct causes such as small-scale agricultural expansion and poverty, to more indirect drivers such as state policies and wealthy business interests within and outside the forestry sector (Rudel 2007). Powerful economic incentives appear to be behind the most relevant drivers, often acting in ‘tandem’ (Lambin et al. 2001). Notable elements are economic booms in forest extraction, agricultural colonisation and increased national and international demand for food and non-food agricultural products (e.g. biofuels), agricultural subsidies and other promotional policies, infrastructure policies, and possibly weak land...

  2. (pp. 5-9)

    Two further institutional factors are likely to affect levels of deforestation and degradation: weak forest governance and arrangements regarding property rights to forest and land resources. However, their effects are likely to vary according to context (Angelsen and Kaimowitz 1999, Chomitz et al. 2007). In addition, governance and land rights are particularly central to the REDD+ debate. Some researchers consider strengthening of forest governance and securing of local rights to be important preconditions for the development of effective REDD+ policies (Griffiths 2008, WRI 2009). Effecting such changes, however, represents a major challenge for REDD+ policy design and implementation (Kanninen et...

  3. (pp. 10-10)

    Next, the country profile explores the political-economic component of deforestation and degradation, which brings forward the importance of underlying political and economic factors within the broader economy as well as at the international level (Jomo et al. 2004). It describes the political economy of the root causes of deforestation and degradation and gives an indication of the opportunities and constraints for national REDD+ policies. It also has the aim of locating the need to protect forest resources through REDD+ within broader national development goals. The analysis should focus on those areas under greatest threat of deforestation and degradation.

    What are...

  4. (pp. 11-14)

    The aim of this section of the country profile is to provide a preliminary description of the policy environment in which national REDD+ strategies are being developed and information on institutional factors related specifically to the national REDD+ policy process. Most of the information will be collected through national documents, media outputs and expert interviews, although some review of the literature may be included.

    This is a preliminary research step, which presents a very general description of the national REDD+ policy environment. The activities under this heading are expressly targeted at informing subsequent research, in particular the subsequent social organisation...

  5. (pp. 15-15)

    The aim of this section is to identify implications for REDD+ using the aspects investigated in preceding sections. Implications should be drawn with respect to the 3Es (refer to the table in Appendix 5 to prompt thinking on 3E implications).

    Provide for each main driver of deforestation and degradation an assessment of existing national policies (refer to Section 2) that could discourage or encourage the driver in terms of its 3E impact.

    Include any policy options (whether in the national strategy or not) and REDD+ opportunities (refer also to Section 5) for each driver that could discourage or encourage the...