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Research Report

Gender in the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry: A strategy for research and action

Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2013
Pages: 46
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-1)

    Social attributes such as gender, wealth, age, ethnicity, migration status and religion can confer systematic disadvantages by making it difficult for some groups and individuals to access public and private mechanisms of resource allocation or decision making. In this strategy, we set out possibilities for strengthening how we address gender concerns in the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (CRP6). The strategy focuses on the management support processes and structures needed to improve the quality and volume of gender-responsive research in the CRP6, and is closely aligned with the CGIAR Consortium’s gender strategy. It synthesises gender-relevant research questions,...

  2. (pp. 2-3)

    Despite a wealth of studies demonstrating the critically important roles women play in managing forests, agroforestry and tree genetic resources, women’s contributions remain underappreciated. Women are traditionally the main collectors of fuelwood, medicinal and aromatic plants and other non-timber forest products (NTFPs) from forest and agroforestry landscapes (Shanley and Gaia 2001, Colfer 2005). Their participation in decision making at household and community levels, although limited, has been demonstrated to improve forest regeneration (Agarwal 2007, 2009), increase crop yields, improve financial management (Acharya and Gentle 2006) and prioritise funding for pro-poor and empowerment programmes (Komarudin et al. 2008). Women in forest...

  3. (pp. 4-7)

    CRP6 (see Box 1 below for a description of research programmes) is designed to make a significant contribution toward the vision and strategic objectives articulated in the CGIAR’s Strategic Results Framework by:

    enhancing the contribution of forests, agroforestry and trees to production and incomes of forest-dependent communities and smallholders;

    conserving biodiversity, including the genetic diversity of trees, through sustainable management and conservation of forests and trees;

    maintaining or enhancing environmental services from forests, agroforestry and trees in multifunctional and dynamic landscapes;

    reducing emissions of greenhouse gases and augmenting carbon stocks through better management of forest- and tree-based sources while increasing...

  4. (pp. 8-9)

    Social and political change can occur through multiple avenues, such as through improved knowledge and technology, collective organisation and mobilisation or contestation. Research and action in the CRP6 will make use of these various avenues for strengthening access of women and other disadvantaged groups to benefits and decision making in forest, tree and agroforestry research. The impact pathway in Figure 1 illustrates how the outputs and outcomes under each theme contribute to each other in achieving the outcomes. The achievement of this impact pathway is conditioned on a careful mix of research, advocacy, training and capacity building as well as...

  5. (pp. 10-13)

    We deploy gender analysis methods, partnerships and alliances, knowledge sharing, and adaptive learning to effectively incorporate gender in the research cycle in CRP6. These approaches will be applied in combination at each phase of the research cycle for highest impact (Figure 3).

    The regular and consistent gathering of sex-disaggregated data on various aspects of the forest, tree and people interface is mandated and non-negotiable. Such data will help in identifying men’s and women’s differentiated perceptions, experiences, contributions and priorities; for example, during the targeting and priority setting phase of the research cycle. It will ultimately help in defining interventions that...

  6. (pp. 14-15)

    The CRP6 approaches gender integration as a cross-cutting theme, which seeks to integrate gender analysis and research questions into each of the five components, rather than have a specific, isolated component that is focused only on gender. A cross-cutting thematic approach demands a high level of involvement and a higher capacity for gender analysis, research and reporting among scientists. Consequently, the CRP6 gender theme will initially focus on building capacity for gender analysis and research, to boost the capabilities of components and will be the main avenue through which scientific, conceptual and methodological leadership and coordination is provided towards integrating...

  7. (pp. 16-20)

    CRP6 has developed a Monitoring Evaluation and Impact Assessment (MEIA) strategy that frames our approach to MEIA. We have produced seven draft Intermediate Development Outcomes (IDOs), to be finalised in 2013, allowing us to monitor and assess our progress in achieving the System Level Outcomes. Although six of these IDOs are relevant to gender, we have crafted one specific IDO that captures the end-goal of our investments in gender integration in research and action:

    ‘Women are better empowered and gender equality in decision making and control over resource use, management and benefits is improved’.

    We will monitor gender integration at...