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Research Report

Regional Strategy for Implementing the Code of Practice for Forest Harvesting in Asia-Pacific

Copyright Date: Jul. 1, 2000
Pages: 40
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. v-v)

    This Regional Strategy for Implementing the Code of Practice for Forest Harvesting in Asia-Pacific (Regional Strategy) has been developed for use by the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission (APFC) as a basis for the implementation of the Code of Practice for Forest Harvesting in Asia-Pacific (Code). The Regional Strategy provides details on how to improve forest-harvesting practices, with reduced environmental and social impacts for the Asia-Pacific region.

    The Regional Strategy provides continued expression of APFC’s commitment to sustainable forest management (SFM). The Regional Strategy is also intended to assist all APFC countries by providing a model for implementing codes of practice that...

  2. (pp. 2-3)

    The Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission (APFC) comprises 29 countries from the Asia-Pacific region. Appendix 1 provides a list of those countries. Figure 1.1 shows a location map of the member countries.

    The preparation of the Code of Practice for Forest Harvesting in Asia-Pacific (Code) commenced in March 1997 with the first meeting of the APFC ad hoc Working Group on Sustainable Forest Management in Bogor, Indonesia. Participants from APFC member countries agreed on a framework for the Code, including its purpose, scope, coverage and implementation approaches. Development of the Asia-Pacific Code began with an extensive review of existing codes throughout Asia-Pacific...

  3. (pp. 4-7)

    The forest area of Asia-Pacific comprises 16% of the total world forest area of 3.4 billion hectares (Figure 2.1). Asia comprises about 13% of the world total and Oceania (Pacific) has 3% of global forest area (Jaakko Pöyry 1997 and FAO 1999).

    Log production continued to grow in Asia-Pacific throughout the 1980s at an annual rate of about 1 million m³/a until it peaked in 1989 at 160 million m³/a. About half of this production was from the tropical hardwood forests of South-East Asia.

    The main supply of tropical hardwoods from the Asia-Pacific Region comes from the mixed tropical rainforests...

  4. (pp. 8-9)

    APFC countries independently develop and implement a range of forest management practices (Table 3.1). In many cases, countries have a series of guidelines or systems that act in the same way as Codes of Practice, Reduced Impact Harvesting Guidelines etc, or are in the process of developing these management systems. Table 3.1 also provides information on the status of specific elements of sustainable forest management of APFC countries. A demonstration forest refers to a model forest developed specifically for research into improved practices, training and demonstration purposes according to a country’s best management practices.

    The status of Silvicultural Prescriptions have...

  5. (pp. 10-25)

    The purpose of this Regional Strategy is to achieve implementation of the Code of Practice for Forest Harvesting in Asia-Pacific. Implementation of this Code will enhance the management of native forests throughout the Region by increasing efficiency of harvesting operations while providing more environmentally sensitive management practices.

    Stakeholders in this Regional Strategy include industry, forest departments, NGO bodies and community groups. All will have to work together with a common goal to achieve the changes required at the institutional, policy and operational levels to effectively implement the Code.

    This Regional Strategy outlines the actions required by the stakeholders to achieve...

  6. (pp. 26-29)

    The implementation of the Regional Strategy will involve appropriate actions by all stakeholders. These include:


    Concession holders


    Relevant NGOs

    International Organisations (i.e. forestry, forest industry, forest research and forest conservation)

    Bilateral and multilateral donors

    The governments of the member countries of APFC will have a major role to play in such actions, particularly through their respective forest departments. However, the private sector will have the primary role for implementation and development of implementation systems. A summary of the priorities and those responsible for the specific actions is presented in Table 5.1. A suggested time frame is given under...

  7. (pp. 30-30)

    The outcomes of successfully implementing the actions of this strategy will include:

    improved standard of harvesting operations in production forests in the Asia-Pacific Region allowing sustainable forest harvesting;

    improved health and status of the residual stand and forest environment and societies dwelling in and around the forest;

    positive economic impacts at the local level resulting from increased employment, economic activity and flow on benefits;

    a sustainable and more efficient and competitive forest industry in the region which takes into consideration the social and environmental values of the forest;

    improved institutional capacity and capability of staff and workers in the forest...