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Research Report

Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Plantation Forestry in India

S. Sankar
P.C. Anil
M. Amruth
Copyright Date: Dec. 1, 2000
Pages: 69
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-1)

    There are over 100 countries in the world involved in developing national-level criteria and indicators for assessing trends in the state of their forests (Wijewardena et al. 1977). Despite similarities in the fundamental elements of C&I, experiences differ from country to country and within regions. CIFOR has led a research project on testing criteria and indicators for sustainable management of natural forests involving several governmental and non-governmental organisations (Prabhu et al. 1996, 1998). The present project used this experience to develop and evaluate C&I for community managed forests and tree plantations in India.

    Forest plantations in India now comprise some...

  2. (pp. 3-6)

    The CIFOR process for developing, testing and selecting C&I for sustainable forest management is based on an Iterative Filtering and Generation Method (IFGM) comprising three stages of evaluation or filters (Prabhu et al. 1999).

    The first stage (Filter No. 1) identifies an appropriate set of C&I from various sources, based mainly on professional judgement by the expert team(s).

    The second stage (Filter No. 2) evaluates the candidate set on-site based on discussions and interviews with stakeholders, field surveys and documented information. Regular team discussions are held during this stage to review and revise proposed C&I and to address overlap and...

  3. (pp. 7-31)

    All teams were provided with the ‘tool box’ for testing C&I developed by Prabhu et al. (1998). The base set consists of C&I from the eight organisations as listed in the methods section. A summary of the candidate sets selected for field testing by each of the teams after the first evaluation (Filter 1) is provided in Table 4.

    Because of their familiarity with ecology, socio-economic and management issues, the team members gave approximately equal weight to the different principles of sustainable management of plantation forests.

    The candidate sets of C&I were taken to the field and evaluated based on...

  4. (pp. 33-33)

    The project provided an opportunity for forestry scientists, forest managers, local communities and NGOs in Kerala and Madhya Pradesh to participate in the testing and evaluation of C&I of sustainable management of plantations based on the IFGM process developed by CIFOR.

    The selection of candidate sets of C&I during stage I of the IFGM process, from the vast array of published information (in excess of 1000 C&I), was found to be time consuming and tedious by all three teams. This was due to a number of factors including:

    many published sets of C&I were developed for natural forests;

    lack of...