Contrary to its initial design, REDD+ is increasingly becoming an ODA mechanism. The verification debate needs to be understood in the context of the arguments around aid conditionality.
For a results-based mechanism like REDD+, verification should be a normal procedure within a whole suite of MRV rules. This opinion is shared in principle by all negotiators and observers.
Bilateral activity-based REDD+ is subject to contractual law between the implementing partners and usually includes MRV procedures.
International regulation on verification is needed exclusively for multilateral funding under a mechanism of the Climate Convention, such as the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in...