The 1993 Peruvian Constitution establishes that Peru is a decentralized, unitary State1 with three levels of government²: national, regional and local (which include provinces, districts and municipal governments).
Decentralization in Peru is an ongoing process designed to occur progressively through phases in an orderly fashion. Its aim is to ensure an appropriate distribution of powers among government levels, requiring the transfer of resources from the national government to subnational governments.³
According to Law No. 27783, the Decentralization Law, the objective of the decentralization process is to achieve Peru’s comprehensive, harmonious and sustainable development. It aims at a balanced division of...