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Research Report

Lessons from voluntary partnership agreements for REDD+ benefit sharing

Cecilia Luttrell
Emily Fripp
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2015
Pages: 28
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-2)

    A voluntary partnership agreement (VPA) made under the European Union (EU) Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan is a performance-based mechanism designed to build credibility for buyers of legal timber. The FLEGT VPA offers several lessons on how to design benefit-sharing mechanisms under REDD+¹ so that they build credibility and trust among the potential recipients of REDD+ benefits and wider REDD+ stakeholders.

    We focus on lessons for three specific design aspects of REDD+ benefit-sharing mechanisms: (i) the balance between state and non-state actors in the architecture of benefit-sharing mechanism institutions; (ii) the role of civil society organizations...

  2. (pp. 3-12)

    No VPA has been fully implemented so far, and as a result there is little empirical research on the impact or effectiveness of implementation (Carodenuto and Cerutti 2014). Research to date has focused mostly on the processes preceding legality verification, such as multistakeholder consultations and bilateral negotiations. For this reason, our discussion focuses on describing variations of design across different VPAs and drawing some conclusions from these.

    Most of the countries in which VPAs are being established are also REDD+ countries and this provides clear opportunities for lesson learning and synergies. Various analyses discuss the synergies and transferable lessons between...

  3. (pp. 13-13)

    The design of REDD+ benefit-sharing mechanisms can be informed by the experience of VPAs in a number of ways. This paper discusses the ways in which VPAs have strived to ensure credibility by enhancing independence through an arrangement of state and non-state structures and actors, strengthening the role of CSOs in independent monitoring and placing a heavy emphasis on multistakeholder involvement in design and implementation.

    The VPA experience highlights the trade-off between cost efficiency and capacity building of using existing (often state) institutions and actors versus the potential enhanced effectiveness and independence that may be provided by new and/or non-state...