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Research Report

Prioritisation for Adaptation in Tropical Forest Ecosystems

Johnson Nkem
Monica Idinoba
Heru Santoso
Carlos J. Perez
Claudio Forner
Bruno Locatelli
Markku Kanninen
Copyright Date: Dec. 1, 2008
Pages: 24
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 5-8)

    The severity of climate change highlighted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s fourth assessment report (IPCC 2007) is now understood to be significantly higher than initially thought as new research findings reveal a rapidly approaching tipping point (EU Climate Change EG Science 2008; Lenton et al. 2008). This also emphasises the urgency and the enormity of the tasks in developing adequate response actions. The fourth assessment report of the IPCC (2007) also stressed the differential impacts across regions and ecosystem types with disproportionate severity on poorer nations with lower capacity to respond even in the face of urgent need...

  2. (pp. 9-12)

    The Tropical Forests and Climate Change Adaptation (TroFCCA) project of the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) is a global initiative on forests and adaptation with three regional locations—Central America (Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua), West Africa (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali), and South East Asia (Indonesia, the Philippines). The ultimate goal of the project is to contribute to national processes of adaptation to climate change through the assessment of vulnerability and the development of adaptation strategies, and mainstreaming these into policy.

    TroFCCA uses the ecosystem approach for adaptation by planning and developing adaptation strategies using ecosystem services. The intention is...

  3. (pp. 13-13)

    The principal finding was the identification and prioritisation of the development sectors for adaptation, and this occurred at two levels— national and regional (Table 4). In the three regions, all the stakeholders participating in the workshop agreed on the prioritised sectors as national and regional priorities for forest-based adaptation. Prioritisation of the sectors, areas, or topics set the stage and the agenda for the national response and for steering the implementation of the adaptation strategies. A list of partners and their potential roles in the adaptation process and in the implementation of national adaptation activities was drawn up. There was...

  4. (pp. 14-17)

    Under climate change emergency it will be crucial and highly challenging to maximise returns given the multiple interests and limited resources. Decision-making for actions or funding allocation for adaptation will continuously be an issue facing adaptation. To address this, there is a need for prioritisation. Prioritisation is an important step in strategising any response actions especially aimed at protecting the weak, the majority and the most vulnerable. Developing a realistic strategy for adaptation requires setting practical priorities that are linked to sustainable livelihood and national development goals. Although tropical forests remain the common ecosystem across the three global regions of...

  5. (pp. 18-18)

    Setting priority is an important step for planning adaptation actions and allocation of funding for these actions particularly because the effect of climate change will be widespread while the resources are limited. In the prioritisation process, differing interest of stakeholders, actors, and end-users are required to be balanced. The basic requirements for prioritisation are sound reasoning, competent technological and socio-economic analysis, and unbiased judgement. Prioritisation is important for engaging stakeholders, building consensus and creating a sense of ownership for adaptation actions that has the potential to guide and promote long-term sustainability. Prioritisation for adaptation is a dynamic process that needs...