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Research Report

REDD+ politics in the media: A case study from Indonesia

Tim Cronin
Levania Santoso
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2010
Pages: 40
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-3)

    This was the reply from Sunanda Creagh (2010), Reuters’ Jakarta correspondent, when asked about the primary discourses shaping REDD+—reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and enhancing forest carbon stocks in developing countries—in Indonesia. As Creagh’s answer shows, what began as an apparently straightforward concept of paying forest-rich developing countries to preserve forests has evolved into something of a political minefield. Public policy is not always driven by the search for science-based solutions, nor is it typically the result of an ordered, logical process. Rather, the process of public policy is driven by a decentralised network of actors...

  2. (pp. 4-6)

    The cultural politics of climate change are ‘dynamic and contested spaces battled out by various actors’ (Boykoff 2008, p. 565), and there is considerable competition among scientists, industry, policymakers and NGOs. Each of them is likely to be actively seeking to establish their particular perspective on the issues as the one to be adopted (Anderson 2009, p. 166). Mass media are an ‘influential and heterogeneous set of non-nation state actors’ (Boykoff 2008, p. 550) that function as both windows and drivers of informal and formal discourses, which embody the expression of cultural and political identity. On the one hand, media...

  3. (pp. 7-22)

    The study involved 3 levels of coding analysis. Levels 1 and 2 indicate that neither REDD nor climate change was much reported in Indonesia before 2007, but received a spike in media attention when Indonesia hosted the UNFCCC 13th Conference of the Parties (COP 13) in December 2007. While most articles were located at the international level, 2008 saw a shift in scale to the national level as public attention moved from milestone international meetings to domestic events. More than half of all news articles on REDD focused on politics and policymaking, with science rarely a principal concern. This raises...

  4. (pp. 23-24)

    Reducing emissions from deforestation, forest degradation, and enhancing forest carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+) has become a key area of debate in both global and national climate change policy processes. Indonesia is the world’s third largest emitter of carbon, with more than 80% of the country’s emissions coming from land use change—primarily deforestation. This makes Indonesia’s REDD+ policies not just nationally but also globally significant. Climate change policy analysis to date has focused on global issues, with little attention given to national-level debates, particularly those in developing countries. Moreover, any nationallevel analysis has generally referred to broad policy...