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Research Report

REDD+ politics in the media: A case study from Cameroon

Djiegni Félicien Kengoum
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2011
Pages: 40
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-2)

    The concept of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and enhancing carbon stocks (REDD+) is garnering increasing interest in discussions on policies to mitigate climate change, both at international and national levels. Despite ongoing discussions on the REDD+ process, many unclear issues remain. As a result of poor information, the main stakeholders (national, regional and local governments, the private sector, NGOs, local communities and indigenous people) have different and sometimes contradictory perceptions of the process. This confusion about the REDD+ concept sometimes leads to stakeholders expecting unrealistic results, be they positive or negative. This confusion also leads to speculative...

  2. (pp. 3-6)

    A description of the Cameroonian media, with all its contingencies, is a prerequisite to understanding the analysis of media discourse on REDD+ in Cameroon. It is important to consider factors that can affect the capacity of the media to cover scientific subjects such as REDD and to better understand the influence that people in the REDD+ arena in Cameroon can have over publications. The feedback that high quality media debate and information can have on forestry policy choices in Cameroon is also important.

    Cameroon, which includes the second largest forested area in the Congo basin within its boundaries after the...

  3. (pp. 7-9)

    To ensure comparability with the other countries involved in CIFOR’s GCS (Global Comparative Study on REDD+, methodologies for this study were standardised at a meeting held from 5 to 7 January 2010 in Barcelona, Spain, and the results were matched and merged at a meeting held from 27 April to 1 May 2010 in Bogor, Indonesia².

    The study was explicitly limited to three newspapers.

    The selection of newspapers was based on four criteria: date of creation (at least five years), number of copies printed each day (to have an idea of the reader penetration rate in the population), reputation (information...

  4. (pp. 10-21)

    To facilitate interpretation of the data, we separated the study’s findings into three levels of analysis: The Level 1 sets out the descriptive variables of the articles. Level 2 describes the main topics discussed in the articles and Level 3 reveals actors, their discourses and counterdiscourses on REDD+ issue.

    Keyword searches, described in the previous chapter, were used to collect a total of 14 articles. Information relative to the articles is presented in the summary tables hereunder. During the study period, the Cameroon Tribune published 10 of the 14 articles, Le Messager published 3 and The Post, one. Figure 1...

  5. (pp. 22-26)

    Given the scant number of articles collected and journalists interviewed, the sample may not be representative of the opinions of the actors involved in the REDD+ process in Cameroon. The number of articles on the broader subject of forests and climate change appears to be much greater. However, the methodology applied was defined by the need for comparability with other country cases and this limited the number of articles collected on the subject. For example, articles published on forests and climate change that did not specifically use the term ‘avoided deforestation’, were not included.

    However, the fact that only 14...

  6. (pp. 27-27)

    This analysis of media discourse on the REDD+ process in Cameroon shows that only a small number of articles, 14, dealt with the subject during the study period, December 2005 to December 2009. From zero articles published in 2005 and 2006, the number rose as the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference approached in December 2009. One article appeared in 2007, 4 in 2008 and 9 in 2009. This result was evidence of the growing interest of the forestry community as expectations from the Conference grew in the international community.

    Although most articles collected were signed by journalists, judging by their contents...