This chapter examines gender and women’s participation at the level of institutions and organisations working in the North Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAN), particularly with regard to forests. This includes state offices, nongovernmental organisations (NGOs), donors and projects, and, as mentioned earlier, is mostly based on interviews.
According to the typology of Bina Agarwal (2001: 1623), there are six levels of participation:
nominal participation, which refers only to the individual’s presence as a group member
passive participation, when an individual expresses a point of view without making decisions
consultative participation, when the individual gives an opinion on specific issues but does...