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Research Report

Community forest management in the Peruvian Amazon: A literature review

Rosa Cossío
Mary Menton
Peter Cronkleton
Anne Larson
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2014
Pages: 31
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-1)

    For a long time, the predominant focus of international interest in tropical forests was on forest preservation and biodiversity conservation. Recent years, however, have seen a gradual shift away from this “fortress conservation” (Brockington 2002) toward sustainable forest management, in which local people’s needs are reconciled with biodiversity conservation (Schwartzman et al. 2000; Wilhusen et al. 2002). In the 1990s, integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) became common (Hughes and Flintan 2001), including projects that supported community-based sustainable management of forests for environmental services, timber and non-timber forest products (NTFPs). These community forest management (CFM) projects were designed as an...

  2. (pp. 1-8)

    Peru has the second largest area of natural forest in South America, and the ninth largest in the world (Schwartz 2004), and Peru’s forests are among the Earth’s most significant areas of biodiversity and endemism (Oliveira et al. 2007). The forests of the Peruvian Amazon cover a total of 73 million ha, or 60% of the country’s total land area (MINAM and MINAG 2011). A total of 78% of the Peruvian Amazon (47% of the country) lies in four administrative regions (Loreto, Ucayali, Madre de Dios and San Martin) (MINAM 2009). Almost 8% of Peru’s population lives in these regions,...

  3. (pp. 8-17)

    As described in Section 2, traditional livelihood strategies in the Peruvian Amazon include multiple products from the forest–farm interface. Therefore, CFM is only one of several elements in rural livelihood strategies, although it does have the potential to be a major approach to supporting the production of timber or NTFPs for economic gain (Gaviria 2010). For many decades, forest policies in Peru reflected little government interest in the long-term management of forests. Under the 2000 forestry law, however, initiatives for forest resource management emerged among peasant and native communities in the Amazon. For example, in 2005, more than 50...

  4. (pp. 17-17)

    In Peru, forest resources make an important contribution to rural livelihoods, particularly in the Amazon region. Traditionally, most forest use in the Peruvian Amazon has been for subsistence; however, indigenous peoples and other traditional forest users (ribereños and colonists) also engage in commercial activities to generate income from forest products. Despite ancestral use of Amazonian forests by traditional users, they continue to struggle for access to forests and land rights, which jeopardizes their livelihoods, particularly given increasing deforestation rates.

    Community forest management takes many forms. People throughout the Amazon have long used shifting cultivation systems that rely on forest resources;...