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Research Report

Brazilian Development Cooperation in Agriculture: A Scoping Study on ProSavana in Mozambique, with Implications for Forests

Sigrid-Marianella Stensrud Ekman
Carmen Stella Macamo
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2014
Pages: 49
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-5)

    The existing literature on the ProSavana program is limited, although media and research interest in ProSavana are growing. Many assessments of ProSavana have been based on extrapolation from the Brazilian experience with PROCEDER in an attempt to understand how PROCEDER would play out in the context of Mozambique, rather than on factual information on the ProSavana program itself.

    At the time of writing, available information on ProSavana included one public project document, various short information brochures, draft project documents that had been leaked to the public and meeting minutes signed by the three countries. In addition, the ProSavana team has...

  2. (pp. 6-6)

    Little official information on ProSavana was available at the time this research began. As the ProSavana program is still in its early stages, this working paper should be treated as a scoping study. Initially, this aim of this report was to look at the remodeling of Mozambique’s agricultural production through implementation of Brazil’s Cerrado model in a South–South partnership involving Brazilian multinational companies; however, as more information on ProSavana was gathered and better understanding of the program was gained, the research objective evolved. The present aims are to identify the nature and extent of the ProSavana program and to...

  3. (pp. 7-22)

    The Triangular Cooperation Program for Agricultural Development of the African Tropical Savannah in Mozambique, generally referred to as ProSavana JMB, is an agricultural and rural development program in the Nacala Corridor region of Mozambique. As the name suggests, the program is run under a cooperation agreement between the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC) and the Mozambican Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG). The program is based on a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by the three countries in 2009.

    According to the MoU, ProSavana aims “to improve the competitiveness of the sector, in terms of food security, increase...

  4. (pp. 23-33)

    As discussed in Section 4, ProSavana largely follows Mozambique’s national strategy for developing the agricultural sector, as set out in PEDSA (2010). It is hoped that, by targeting small-scale farmers and commercializing the sector, the development of agriculture will reduce poverty.

    The ProSavana rhetoric of agricultural development through cooperation between small- and large-scale farmers raises questions about how this can and should be done. The suggestion that large farms should be invited to contribute to the development of the sector has raised concerns, particularly with regard to the availability of land to establish such farms and potential land grabbing to...

  5. (pp. 34-35)

    The ProSavana program attempts to transform the agricultural sector along the Nacala Corridor by promoting collaboration between small and medium-sized farmers and investors. It operates on the principle that the question is not whether to make investments in the agricultural sector, but rather how such investments should be made.

    In contrast to widespread beliefs, ProSavana is not a replica of PROCEDER. In recognition of the heterogeneity of the region, various zonal strategies and management models have been developed to suit the local conditions. Context-sensitive strategies have been drawn up based on research of the region to coordinate public and private...