Laos has some characteristics that support the development of a clear system for implementation of PES schemes.
First, significant legal foundations are already in place. Table 1 summarizes Lao legislation related to PES.
Second, reflected in some of this legislation is clear policy support for the ‘user pays’ principle (especially Article 24 of the Water and Water Resources Law; Table 1).
Third, the GoL relies extensively on forestry and hydropower sectors for national development, yet is in a near-constant mode of ‘giving away’ the country’s rivers and ‘lending’ watersheds to foreign investors, for the foreigners’ own income generation (through Build,...