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Research Report

A review of the legal and policy framework for payments for ecosystem services (PES) in Thailand

Orapan Nabangchang
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2014
Pages: 30
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-1)

    Thailand is somewhat lagging behind other countries in Southeast Asia in adopting the concept of payment for ecosystem services (PES) as an instrument for creating incentives for natural resources conservation in terms of demand and supply. There are a number of activities that involve payments of some kind for provision of activities or ecosystem services (ES) but are missing many elements that would qualify them as a PES project. There are also PES projects at the design stage. The purpose of this report is to review these experiences and to draw conclusions from them; and to highlight institutional and legal...

  2. (pp. 1-14)

    To gain some understanding of the PES experience in Southeast Asia, the Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA) initiated a pilot research project to examine PES and PES-type projects in five countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. The definition of PES used to identify and classify PES projects in Thailand is given by Wunder et al. (2008) as: “(1) a voluntary transaction where (2) a well-defined environmental service (ES) or a land use likely to secure that service (3) is being ‘bought’ by a minimum one service buyer (4) from a minimum one service provider (5)...

  3. (pp. 15-19)

    There is at present no legal framework for PES in Thailand. There are laws that are relevant to the specific types of land that can potentially become PES sites. Almost all of the PES and PES-like projects are located on public land which are covered by different pieces of legislation such as: the National Park Act 1961, the National Forest Reserve Act 1964, the Wildlife Protection Act 1992, the Land Code 1954 and the Treasury Act 1975. There are also Ministerial Orders, Rules and Regulations, which highlight the rights, responsibilities, and restrictions on access to various types of public land...