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Research Report

The Great Power Struggle for Africa: The Crisis in MALI

Fouad Farhaoui
Gülsüm Boz
Mehmet Hecan
Copyright Date: Apr. 1, 2013
Pages: 74
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 9-10)

    Mali witnessed updates that dominated the northern parts of the country and were directly related the Tuareg problem and that contributed the deepening of the political crisis in the country.

    By virtue of the regional and internationalization of the Tuareg issue, the downfall of Muammar Qaddafi’s regime in Libya also exported instability to Mali.. Moreover, a close examination shows that there are many factors involved in the problems of northern Mali; some of which have their roots in Mali’s colonial period. However, Mali’s ethnic composition is also a subject that needs examining. Environmental problems have also exacerbated the crisis, as...

  2. (pp. 11-32)

    The environment in which the Tuaregs’ political and social identities were shaped is one of the fundamental causes of the crisis.

    France’s colonial policies in West and North Africa damaged most of the balances which had maintained the relationships between various ethnic and cultural groups. The Tuareg insurgency is one such reflection of this disruption. Mali was subject to numerous strategic schemes throughout its years as a French colony. However, all these schemes designed around France’s interests damaged the independence movement in Mali. The oppressive nature of the first independent Malian government, in turn, played a paramount role in dragging...

  3. (pp. 33-58)

    African crises since the end of the Cold War have posed great challenges for France.

    Most of the African leaders who were loyal to French interests during the Cold War are no longer in power, which has caused Paris to lose much of its influence on the continent. The United States, on the other hand, has become much more interested in Africa since the turn of the century. What’s more, other powers, like BRICS countries, are developing their economic presences in Africa. The traditional Western powers in Africa, France especially, feel their African interests to be increasingly vulnerable.

    In addition...

  4. (pp. 59-62)

    The crisis in Mali has given rise to humanitarian, political, and strategic problems. These problems can only be solved through intense efforts at the local, regional and international levels.

    In fact, the crisis has the potential to affect not only socially and politically vulnerable states, but even the seemingly strong states of the region. This danger may even spawn unrest capable of threatening global security and stability.

    Military Problems

    The military operations led by France and other African states in northern Mali have forced radical groups to retreat. However, unless these problems are completely eliminated, the risks to regional security...