India’s energy and trade policies are decided mainly at the federal level. The “Union List” details the central government’s energy responsibilities:
Atomic energy and mineral resources necessary for nuclear energy production
Shipping and navigation
Trade and commerce with foreign countries; import and export across customs frontiers; definition of customs frontiers
Regulation and development of oilfields and mineral oil resources, petroleum and petroleum products, and other liquids
Issues and policies related to electricity are shared by both the central government and the states, with the former prevailing in case of any dispute.
The main agencies that have relations with the Gulf...