When mapping the new landscape of the region, it has proven increasingly useful to speak of four distinct categories, or “camps.” They are essentially ideological in nature, with sectarian affiliations playing an important but not always a determining role. These camps now dominate the post-”Spring” landscape:
The Iranian regime and its network of allies and clients, proxies and agents, many of them Shi’a, but some Sunni or even non-Muslim
The Muslim Brotherhood and the parties associated with it, backed by two powerful regional allies: Erdoğan’s Turkey and the Qatari monarchy, each for its own reasons
Global jihadists, derivatives of Bin...