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Research Report

The Muslim Brotherhood and Egypt-Israel Peace

Liad Porat
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2014
Pages: 49
OPEN ACCESS
https://www.jstor.org/stable/resrep04744

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. 1-2)
  2. (pp. 3-4)
  3. (pp. 5-6)
    Liad Porat
  4. (pp. 7-9)
    Liad Porat

    This study reviews the evolution of the position of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt on key issues that have affected Egyptian-Israeli relations since the end of President Husni Mubarak’s reign. It demonstrates that the Brotherhood’s essentially negative position regarding the involvement of the United States in the region, and in particular American policy toward Israel, heavily influenced Egyptian foreign policy. Contrary to the US, which regards Hamas as a terrorist organization, the Brotherhood embraces this Islamic movement, considers it as its own flesh and blood, and views it as the spearhead of the struggle against Israel.

    This study was written...

  5. (pp. 9-14)

    Since its establishment, the Muslim Brotherhood has engaged in a struggle against elements it regards as enemies. The Brotherhood fought British forces, stationed in Egypt until the 1950s, as representatives of Western imperialism. Subsequently, it was ideologically hostile to the communist and atheist USSR.⁶ Since the signing of the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, and in view of the enhanced international status of the US, the Brotherhood has aimed the thrust of its hostility at the senior representative of the West and its satellites. This trend is also related to the fact that during the reign of President Anwar...

  6. (pp. 14-16)

    Brotherhood leaders claim that the struggle between Israel and the Palestinians in Gaza is not just “a war between Hamas and the Zionist entity, but a campaign between Islam and jihad on the one hand, and the [forces of] deceit and imperialist projects on the other hand.” They assert that the Palestinian problem is a pan-Islamic issue, as it involves “Zionist occupation of Islamic soil and forceful plundering of property and funds.” Based on this worldview, Badie explained that the release of Palestinian soil is an obligation and religious duty (wajib shar’i) of Muslims everywhere. Thus, Muslims across the world...

  7. (pp. 16-28)

    Even before the December 2008 outbreak of hostilities between Israel and Hamas in Gaza, the Brotherhood backed the Palestinians’ violent struggle and preached for military jihad against Israel. It described Israel’s military operations as “terrorist massacres unprecedented in the history of the Palestinian issue.”25 What could shock the enemy were the continued resistance operations on the part of the “resistance groups,” such as Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and Hizballah. In the Brotherhood’s eyes, the determination of their resistance is heroic. It is the responsibility of the Arab-Islamic nations to support those groups in any possible way and exert pressure on...

  8. (pp. 28-36)

    The Brotherhood argues that the normalization in relations with Israel enables the free flow of poisonous Israeli influence into Egypt – the heart of the Arab and Islamic worlds. In view of past normalization, the Brotherhood has warned for decades that Israel injects corrupted cultural, educational, and historical values into Egypt. The normalization of Egyptian-Israeli relations frightens the Brotherhood, and the movement is dedicated to cautioning against the destructive implications of peace.64 It uses expressions that reflect its view on normalization: “the Jewish infiltration (tasalul)”, “the cultural penetration/ permeation (al-taghalghul)”, and “the cultural invasion (ghazu)” of the Jews and Israel.65

    The...

  9. (pp. 36-39)

    The elimination of Ahmad al-Ja’bari, the commander of Hamas’ military wing on the first day of Operation Pillar of Defense (November 2012), triggered a media attack against Israel on the part of the Brotherhood. Al-Ja’bari is characterized on Brotherhood websites as an Islamic and military leader who devoted his life to a worthy cause and bought his life with his death (shahid al-ḥay).85 In the past, this description had been associated with senior Brotherhood leaders, such as Sayid Qutb and Marwan Hadid, who sacrificed their own lives on the altar of the struggle against the enemies of Islam.86 Badie...

  10. (pp. 40-41)

    From the time that the Brotherhood began consolidating its reign until President Mursi was deposed, it was evident that ideology was setting the tone toward Israel. Mursi was for years among the Brotherhood leadership, and enjoyed excellent relations with General Guide Muhammad Badie. He stressed that their relations were those of loving brothers, Badie being the elder who counsels his younger brother Mursi. Until July 2013, it was evident that Badie’s guidance and advice had influenced, and sometimes even dictated, Mursi’s positions toward Israel.

    Brotherhood leaders, including Mursi, spoke in two voices on the issue of the peace treaty between...

  11. (pp. 42-48)