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Research Report

The Role of Select Non-Governmental Organizations in Doha’s Support for Terrorism

Kyle Shideler
Sarah Froehlke
Susan Fischer
Copyright Date: Sep. 26, 2017
Pages: 75
OPEN ACCESS
https://www.jstor.org/stable/resrep05081

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. 1-1)
  2. (pp. 2-4)
  3. (pp. 5-5)

    President Donald Trump’s “Drive Them Out” speech in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, called on the nations of the Middle East to drive out terrorists and terrorist supporters from their midst. The president exhorted the Gulf states to bring to an end policies that have allowed the infrastructure of terrorism, from indoctrination and recruitment to terror finance, to flourish with minimal enforcement.

    Three days later, on May 24th, a simmering crisis boiled over in the Gulf as Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Egypt issued a series of rebukes to government of Qatar. The trigger was a series of statements...

  4. (pp. 6-7)

    The Qatari government has been accused of funding and financing terrorism and terrorist groups including: Libyan Islamists militias, Syrian jihadist groups, Hamas, the al-Nusrah Front (al-Qaeda in Syria), and the Islamic State, previously the al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI).45 In addition, Qatar has reportedly been involved with promoting terrorist attacks in Egypt, Sudan, Turkey, Iran, and North Africa. This report finds that the allegations are credible and compelling that Qatar is a state sponsor of terrorism. The Qatari government’s sponsorship and funding of the Muslim Brotherhood, a trans-national incubator of terrorism that several Arab governments have designated as a terrorist organization,...

  5. (pp. 8-10)

    The allegations made against these Qatari-backed charities involve individuals already designated by the United States for terrorism finance. The allegations center around four primary players, Abdulrahman al-Nuaimi, Abd Al-Wahhab al-Humayqani, Saad bin Saad al-Kabi, and Abd Al-Latif bin Abdullah al-Kawari. Nuaimi and Humayqani are individuals with links to multiple non-profit organizations, including Qatar Charity, Eid Charity, and Alkarama human rights organization.

    These four individuals allegedly play a key role in funneling money and support to designated terrorist organizations in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Pakistan, Libya, Afghanistan, Israel, and the Palestinian territory. Their activities are central to the allegations made against the...

  6. (pp. 11-15)

    Qatar Charity was originally established in 1992 as the Qatar Charitable Society. It is the largest Qatar-based non-governmental humanitarian organization with global reach into Asia, Africa, and Europe. Since 1997, Qatar Charity has been a member of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC). It has field offices in 17 countries and has implemented various projects in 60 countries.77 Qatar Charity claims that it works with needy communities regardless of race, gender, or faith, and it helps to empower them to rebuild their lives. In addition to sponsoring the poor, orphaned, and the disabled, it seeks sponsors...

  7. (pp. 16-19)

    The Sheikh Eid Bin Mohammad Al Thani Charitable Foundation also known as Eid Charity was founded in Doha, Qatar, 1995, and is the second largest charity organization in Qatar.155156 It was named after Sheikh Eid bin Mohammed bin Thani bin Jassim bin Mohammed bin Thani who died in 1994.157

    Eid Charity works to provide forms of humanitarian aid to society and currently serves in over 60 countries including America (Colorado), the United Kingdom, Somalia, Syria, and Pakistan.158 Its focus revolves around war-torn and impoverished areas.

    The current global issues Eid Charity focuses on are agriculture, healthcare, family welfare, natural disasters,...

  8. (pp. 20-22)

    Alkarama was formed in 2004 as a human rights organization in Geneva, Switzerland. It operates as a liaison between international human rights organizations and those at risk of execution, torture, or arbitrary detention in the Arab world.238 Despite this positive sounding mission, the organization has drawn attention to itself thanks to allegations of terror finance from its founding leaders. 239 While it engages in an ostensibly pro-human rights mission, Alkarama seems to devote significant effort to opposing crackdowns on Islamic terrorism, terror finance, or in defense of Islamist movements whose activities are deemed illegal by Arab regimes.240

    In 2014, Alkarama...

  9. (pp. 23-26)

    The Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies, sometimes called the Arab Center for Studies is a research organization that claims to have been founded in 2010 in Doha, Qatar.289 It focuses on the interdisciplinary study of the social sciences and analysis of problems facing the Arab world. It purports to believe in the advancement of civilization while also emphasizing the importance of maintaining Arab culture and identity. Additionally, the Center promotes dialogue among Arab intellectuals and works to establish a network of Arab institutions. It pays a particular attention to topics including citizenship, disintegration, sovereignty, technology, community development, and...

  10. (pp. 27-36)

    The Global Anti-Aggression Campaign (GAAC) was first established in 2003 following the second Gulf war in Iraq.341 342 343

    The organization was founded as an umbrella group to support an Islamist resistance to Western intervention and served as a conduit between the Muslim Brotherhood, Islamist leaders, al-Qaeda, Hamas, and other jihadist organizations. 344 Seven of the prominent leaders have been designated terrorists by the U.S., EU, or U.N.. 345 According to the Global Muslim Brotherhood Research Center, key Global Muslim Brotherhood leaders have been intimately involved with GAAC for over a decade. 346

    GAAC’s founding statement is as follows:

    “The Muslim ummah...

  11. (pp. 37-39)

    The five charities examined in this report represent a useful cross-section of the allegations which the Arab states coalition of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Egypt have leveled against the Qatari government regarding supporting and financing terrorism and regional instability.

    Two of the five - Qatar Charity and Eid Charity - are global non-profits engaged in distributing humanitarian aid in areas of the globe which overlap considerably with areas where the Qatari government has been accused of intervening on behalf of Islamist movements and jihadist groups.

    The other three organizations, the “human rights” group Alkarama, the “think tank”...

  12. (pp. 39-75)