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Research Report


Center for Strategic Research (SAM)
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2015
Pages: 58
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Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. 1-4)
    Ramil HASANOV

    The changes in Eurasia over the last 25 years have left an important impact on world history. In fact, the Eurasian region has always been subject to dynamic geo-strategic developments. Nevertheless, the collapse of the Soviet Union paved the way for a reshuffling of all cards to open a new page for the region. The emergence of five independent Turkic States on the international arena in addition to the Republic of Turkey was a game-changer for new geo-political and economic calculations in Eurasia. Under these circumstances, the Turkic States found a favorable climate to strengthen the foundations of their solidarity....

  2. (pp. 5-8)

    The Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States (The Turkic Council) was established with the signing of the Nakhchivan Agreement of 3 October 2009 with an overarching goal of enhancing cooperation and partnership among the Turkic Speaking States. As an international intergovernmental organization, the Turkic Council embraces the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, along with other universally recognized principles of international law. Equitable cooperation, respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity, the inviolability of internationally recognized borders and non-interference in the internal affairs of Member States and the development of good neighborly relations set the foundation of...

  3. (pp. 9-10)

    In 2009, Kyrgyzstan supported Turkey’s initiative for the establishment of the Cooperation Council of Turkic-speaking States. Today, the organization brings together four young fraternal countries - Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkey. In the short time of the Turkic Council’s existence there have been realized several initiatives: under the auspices of the organization, the First World Nomad Games in Kyrgyzstan were held, and both the Turkic Academy in Astana and the Turkic Culture and Heritage Foundation in Baku were founded.

    Kyrgyzstan’s participation in the Turkic Council is associated with the common history of Turkic peoples and the objective desire to expand...

  4. (pp. 11-14)
    Erlan IDRISSOV

    Turkic peoples have been linked, from ancient times, through a shared cultural and historical background, by language and religion. Cooperation between Turkic-speaking countries is a symbol of the friendship and brotherhood between people of common roots. It is also, according to experts, an effective driver of regional and bilateral cooperation in many areas including trade, economics, law enforcement, the environment, culture and science.

    It was at the initiative of President Nazarbayev that a fully-fledged international organization to increase cooperation between Turkic-speaking countries was created. Up until then, co-operation had been limited to periodic summits between Heads of State and kurultays....

  5. (pp. 15-18)
    Feridun H. SİNİRLİOĞLU

    When the Presidents of the Turkic Speaking States convened for their first ever Summit meeting 23 years ago, dramatic changes were taking place in the international order. The Soviet Union had just collapsed, paving the way for the emergence of five independent Turkic States on the international arena. Having finally gained their freedom after so many decades, it was only logical, even natural, for Turkic States to come together at such a historic juncture to begin to envision a prosperous future based on collaboration and cooperation.

    In the post-cold war era, three different transformations have been taking place simultaneously in...

  6. (pp. 19-24)
    Dusen KASEINOV

    The International Organization of Turkic Culture (TURKSOY), established almost at the same time as the Turkic Republics declared their independence, has now been carrying out its activities for 23 years and has become an efficient, world-wide recognized institution of cultural diplomacy. TURKSOY is a unique international organization. It was established upon common initiative of the Heads of States of Turkic speaking countries to act as the first organization of multilateral cooperation in the Turkic World. The establishment of TURKSOY was primarily based on Turkic languages as the most important common cultural value shared by all Turkic peoples. As such, it...

  7. (pp. 25-28)
    Jandos ASANOV

    TurkPA is the parliamentary dimension of the cooperation and integration among Turkic countries. It was established in 2008 on the initiative of President Nursultan Nazarbayev. The Assembly is engaged in expanding the legislative framework of this integration. TurkPA, as one of its affiliated organizations, closely cooperates with the Cooperation Council of Turkic-speaking states (Turkic Council) in order to shape a joint pattern for economic, political and cultural cooperation among Turkic states. As the parliamentary dimension of Turkic cooperation, TurkPA is committed to providing legislative support of the activities and undertakings initiated within the framework of the Turkic Council. There is...

  8. (pp. 29-34)
    Darkhan KYDYRALI

    The Turkic world is an integral and indispensable part of the Eurasian domain. Turkic civilization, having for centuries bridged the East and the West, the North and the South, has contributed vastly to the development of human history. But, as Muslim scholar Ibn Khaldun put it brilliantly, every civilization experiences rises and downfalls. If Turkic peoples reached the pinnacle of fame in the 16th century when formidable dynasties and states of Turkic extraction came to dominate the Afro-Eurasian geography, it was also the start of their degeneration.

    Divided and subdued in the 19th and 20th centuries, the Turkic peoples regained...

  9. (pp. 35-38)

    As the members of the 21st century world, we are currently witnessing intense conflicts, political cataclysms and dynamic changes. Millions of people around the world are affected by terrorism, violence, poverty and other pressing challenges, and mobilize vast efforts and resources to reach prosperity. Some people are forced to flee their native lands and live as refugees or internally displaced persons. They thereby lose touch with their historic roots, national and spiritual values.

    Although history had separated the Turkic-speaking nations, today they have joined together for strength and support. In this respect, international organizations founded by Turkic-speaking countries fulfill essential...

  10. (pp. 39-40)
    Farhad MAMMADOV

    The Center for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan (SAM), together with its partners, has been working towards the establishment of a network of official foreign policy research centers of the Member States of the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States for several years. With the support and coordination of the Secretariat of the Turkic Council, a meeting of the think tanks was convened in Baku on May 8, 2015, which was a major step towards the establishment of a common network. At the meeting, the official foreign policy research centers of the Turkic Council member...

  11. (pp. 41-44)
    Yerlan KARIN

    The first Summit of Heads of the Turkic Speaking States, held on October 30-31, 1992 in Ankara, catalyzed the development of the bilateral and multilateral cooperation in a number of spheres. The current multilateral relations among the Turkic speaking nations offer opportunities for economic cooperation and integration, promote the formation of political and diplomatic ties, and create a basis for deeper cultural interactions. The establishment of the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States (the Turkic Council) in 2009 in Nakhchivan became the turning point in providing a new institutional foundation to these states’ relations.

    The integrating role of the Turkic...

  12. (pp. 45-48)
    Talant SULTANOV

    Turkic speaking societies played an important role in world history for thousands of years. The last two decades have been historical for the countries of the region, and Turkic speaking countries have again come into prominence. Five Turkic speaking republics gained independence from the Soviet Union: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Turkey was the first country to recognize the independence of these countries.

    In these years Turkey has experienced political and economic breakthroughs. Because of this, it became possible to set up and launch several major initiatives to increase cooperation among the Turkic countries. Several new organizations came into...

  13. (pp. 49-52)
    Ali Resul

    The United States, NATO, the European Union, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe (CoE) had all put their stamps on the new security environments in Europe and Eurasia after the end of the Cold War, and the worldwide international security architecture in the early 1990s was refigured by the new hegemonies of the international system. However, early enthusiasm over the victory of liberal values in the international arena soon withered, and policy makers, academicians and commentators began articulating the fact that the world in the late 20th century was turning out to...