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Research Report

Maritime security and development in Africa: THREE NARRATIVES FOR A STRATEGY FOR DENMARK

Ulrik Trolle Smed
Copyright Date: May. 10, 2016
Pages: 48
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Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. 6-20)

    The piracy problem in East Africa received global attention in 2007 and stimulated interest in African maritime security challenges. Following a dramatic increase in the number of hijackings, international and regional actors established a large and focused framework for cooperation. Much of this framework contributed to the fact that East African piracy is almost non-existent today. The root causes remain, however, and the international community is gradually recognizing that piracy merely represented one symptom among many and that was part of a greater challenge.

    At the same time, Africa is currently experiencing a dramatic population increase. From the Danish perspective,...

  2. (pp. 21-35)

    Demographic pressure onshore increases the risk of problems at sea. The following chapter describes three negative narratives about how such risks can take form and the possible implications for maritime security in Africa. This chapter therefore focuses on the risks, while the next chapter emphasizes mitigation measures and long-term solutions. Moreover, the immediate focus is on maritime security and security policy, meaning that others facets – such as marine environment and economic development – will only support this perspective.76

    The narratives arise from existing trends. Based on different key players, they provide three stories each with their own maritime security...

  3. (pp. 36-39)

    The maritime security and development perspective proposed here embraces diverse security issues that threaten the maritime order off African coasts today. For one, piracy will not be the only threat to Danish, African, and international maritime interests in the future.

    The current demographic development in Africa entails a risk that African maritime security challenges will expand and accelerate in places where states are unable to deliver basic services to a growing and increasingly younger population.

    The narratives above have shown three specific ways for how this development might unfold and how it can be expected to affect the maritime domain....