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Research Report

Annual Report 2001: Conflict Research Unit

Clingendael Institute
Copyright Date: Apr. 1, 2002
Published by: Clingendael Institute
Pages: 16

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. [i]-[ii])
  2. (pp. 1-1)
  3. (pp. 2-2)

    The Conflict Research Unit (CRU) is a special section of the Clingendael Institute’s Research Department. It came into being as a special unit in 1998, although several of its activities started earlier. The CRU focuses on the study of intrastate conflict and on ways of preventing and dealing with these conflicts. The work of the CRU has a special though not exclusive emphasis on the developing world, and aims at translating theoretical insights into practical policy recommendations, as well as developing tools for decision-makers in national and multilateral governmental and non-governmental organizations.

    The CRU consists of a head, a deputy...

  4. (pp. 2-3)

    Each conflict has its own particular origins and is embedded in a unique socio-economic, political, military and cultural setting. The CRU takes the multi-causal nature of current conflict and the way in which different factors compound one another as its starting point.

    Although conflicts can have different manifestations, the CRU approaches conflict with a particular focus on group identity. This requires extensive knowledge of societies at risk, ruling elites, politics, history, culture, demographics and the economy. A crucial element in this regard is the political relations of social groups to each other and to the state. Instead of thinking in...

  5. (pp. 3-5)

    The CRU’s work over the last years has led to a build-up of experience in the following fields:

    Explaining conflict and its characteristics

    Here, the CRU builds on the experience gathered in the project on ‘Causes of Conflict in the Third World’, which investigated the causes and nature of violent conflict in a selected number of countries. In the ‘Coping with Internal Conflict Project’, the CRU elaborates on these findings by focusing on certain characteristics of violent conflict. These include economies of violence, i.e. the role of economic incentives in fuelling violent conflict; governance systems promoting inclusion as well as...

  6. (pp. 5-10)

    The research projects and other activities undertaken during 2001 are indicated below, including their duration and, if relevant, their total budget in euro.

    Coping with Internal Conflict (2000-2003; euro 1,758,336): The research project focuses on the changing nature of large-scale violent conflict in Africa, Asia and Latin America. It specifically analyses four components in-depth, including the Political Economy of Internal Conflict; Power-Sharing; Political-Military Relations; and Resources, Entitlements and Poverty-related Conflict.

    Improving the Effectiveness of OSCE Missions (2001-2002; euro 104,942): The project aims at identifying policy options for improving the effectiveness of OSCE instruments (notably missions) with regard to conflict prevention,...

  7. (pp. 12-14)