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Research Report

Factors for the Success or Failure of Stabilisation Operations

Sico van der Meer
Copyright Date: May. 1, 2009
Published by: Clingendael Institute
Pages: 58

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. [i]-[ii])
  2. (pp. [iii]-[iv])
  3. (pp. 1-6)

    During the last few years, internationally operating armed forces have experienced a – at first sight – new kind of operation. Military operations in, for example, Iraq and Afghanistan are characterized by a combination of military warfare with a high level of violence, on the one hand, and reconstruction and aid activities that seem rather uncommon to the normal military tasks on the other hand. These kinds of missions, with a combination of hard (violent) and soft (reconstruction) tasks, are often called stabilisation operations or stability operations. There does not exist, however, a widely accepted definition of this kind of...

  4. (pp. 7-36)

    In this section all 22 factors for the success or failure of stabilisation operations will be presented. The number of publications mentioning each factor determines the sequence of the sections: the first sections deal with the most mentioned factors and the least mentioned ones will be described in the last sections.

    Twelve of the eighteen publications mention the combination of military and civil efforts as an important factor for the success or failure of stabilisation operations. This factor is thus the most mentioned one in the selection of literature that was used for this research.

    Lahneman, for example, states that...

  5. (pp. 37-44)

    From the comparison of eighteen relevant publications on stabilisation operations in this paper, the 22 most mentioned factors for the success or failure of these operations have been ranked (see Appendix 1). It may be considered remarkable that the eighteen publications do not all mention the same factors of influence. Even the most mentioned factor was not mentioned at all by six of the eighteen publications. This again proves how diverse (views on) stabilisation operations can be and how difficult it is to find relevant factors that may influence the success or failure of these operations. Although the differences in...

  6. (pp. 45-48)
  7. (pp. 53-54)