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Research Report

The Future of Police Missions

Franca van der Laan
Luc van de Goor
Rob Hendriks
Jaïr van der Lijn
Minke Meijnders
Dick Zandee
Copyright Date: Feb. 1, 2016
Published by: Clingendael Institute
Pages: 141

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. 2-3)
  2. (pp. 4-5)
  3. (pp. 6-6)
  4. (pp. 7-11)
  5. (pp. 12-17)

    During the past two decades, the police components of international crisis management missions have gained increasing importance.¹ The UN’s 2000 Brahimi Report² on improving United Nations peacekeeping operations called for, among other things, a “doctrinal shift” in the use of police and other rule of law elements to support a greater focus on intrastate reform and restructuring activities, after the resolution of violent conflicts. Since the beginning of this millennium the deployment of civil police or gendarmerie in international missions, be it under the UN flag, or in NATO, EU or OSCE missions, has gained weight, quantitatively, but also regarding...

  6. (pp. 18-75)

    This section seeks to assess the future demand for police deployment as part of multilateral operations or missions in crisis situations. This demand is firstly determined by the security situation in the world. Since the international security strategy of the Dutch government13 focuses on the regions surrounding Europe, the section starts with mapping the security issues in the Middle East, Africa and Eastern Europe and discussing the border security issues in southern Europe. This study does not discuss the several crises and conflicts distributed over these regions in full detail, but a short explanation of their nature and possible spill-over...

  7. (pp. 76-93)

    The large majority of Dutch policing tasks are divided over the ‘civilian’ Netherlands Police (NP), on the one hand, and the gendarmerie force with military status, the Royal Marechaussee (KMar) on the other.201 Both organisations have general policing responsibilities, but the scope of their tasks is different. The Netherlands Police, currently employing about 60,000 personnel, are responsible for the primary policing tasks: crime prevention, the investigation of crime, the maintenance of legal and public order and assistance to citizens in need of help. The KMar, employing about 6,000 personnel, are responsible for specific policing tasks that are described in the...

  8. (pp. 94-114)

    The Netherlands have made a legal commitment to promote the development of the international legal order in Article 90 of its Constitution. As outlined above in the chapters on the mission deployment policy of KMar and the NP, this self-imposed duty is elaborated in the International Security Strategy (ISS); the dominant policy framework guiding government decisions to deploy NP or KMar-staff in international operations. In this strategy, ‘an effective international legal order’ is one of three leading strategic interests of the Netherlands, the other two being ‘defence of our own and our allies’ territory’ and ‘economic security’.240 In the ISS...

  9. (pp. 115-117)

    In this study we observed the IOs’ demand for police deployment is increasing and is outpacing supply. The EU, UN and OSCE struggle with both quantitative and qualitative personnel shortages when it comes to police deployment in missions. NATO, although policing is not one of its core tasks, is prepared to provide police capabilities in situations when no other actors are present in a crisis area. The increasing complexity of police mandates in missions, the multi-dimensional approach to security sector reform and other forms of crisis management and the shift of attention from observation and monitoring missions to mentoring, training,...

  10. (pp. 118-123)
  11. (pp. 140-141)