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Research Report

Managing Group Grievances and Internal Conflict:: Sri Lanka Country Report

G.H. Peiris
K.M. de Silva
Copyright Date: Jun. 1, 2003
Published by: Clingendael Institute
Pages: 131
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Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. 4-4)

    This paper has been written within the framework of the research project ‘Managing Group Grievances and Internal Conflict’*, executed at the request of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The project focuses on the process of, and motives for, (violent) group mobilisation and aims at the development of an analytical tool to assist policy-makers in designing conflict-sensitive development activities.

    In the course of the project, a preliminary assessment tool has been developed in cooperation with Dr. Michael Lund, and discussed with the researchers who carried out the assessment in four country cases: Ghana, Mozambique, Nicaragua and Sri Lanka. On the...

  2. (pp. 9-28)

    The 1981 census of population - the last enumeration that covered the entire country - showed that 74% of Sri Lanka’s population was accounted for by the Sinhalese, 12.6% by the Sri Lanka Tamils, 7.4% by the Muslims (Moors and Malays), 5.6% by the Indian Tamils, and about 0.4% by several other small ethnic groups. The census of 2001 which generated only rough estimates of the population in most districts of the ‘north-east’ of Sri Lanka indicate that, between 1981 and 2001, in the country as a whole, while the Sinhalese and Muslim shares of the population has increased, the...

  3. (pp. 29-133)

    The statistical summary presented below is intended to provide an overview of the current state of the economy of Sri Lanka against the backdrop of the data on the corresponding criteria on the Low Income Economies. An answer to the key question with which this ‘Factor’ is concerned, could be formulated, in summary form, as follows:

    ‘Overall economic growth (related official estimates cover, roughly, the past 50 years), though fluctuating in the short-term, has remained slow. High rates of inflation have been recorded since the late 1970s. Spells of rapid economic growth have tended to coincide with sharp upsurges of...