Skip to Main Content
Have library access? Log in through your library
Research Report


Dick A. Leurdijk
Copyright Date: Nov. 1, 2005
Published by: Egmont Institute
Pages: 42
  • Cite this Item

Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 3-13)

    From NATO’s perspective, Kofi Annan’s report In Larger Freedom: Towards Development, Security and Human Rights for All at first sight seemed hardly relevant.¹ In dealing with regional organizations, it nowhere explicitly mentioned the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). This was all the more surprising because Annan thus bypassed NATO’s active involvement in the implementation of a number of post-conflict peace-building settlements, based on UN Security Council resolutions, in areas such as Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq. In the weeks after the publication of Annan’s report, NATO’s Secretary-General, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, on several occasions expressed his support for his UN counterpart’s...

  2. (pp. 13-23)

    With the start of Operation ‘Enduring Freedom’ on 7 October 2001, the United States initiated the first phase in what it called the ‘war on terrorism’. The deliberate decision on the part of the Bush administration not to involve NATO was the result of a combination of considerations, such as the US’s preference to keep tight control of the military campaign, both because its own national security interests were at stake but also as a consequence of the key lesson of Operation ‘Allied Force’ as a model of ‘warfare by coalition’. At the time, this raised serious questions about NATO’s...

  3. (pp. 23-24)

    With the publication of his report In Larger Freedom, Kofi Annan opened the floor for negotiations on his package of 101 recommendations among the UN’s member states at the level of the General Assembly with a view to the World Summit in September 2005 on the occasion of the UN’s sixtieth anniversary. The ‘2005 World Summit Outcome’ document, which was adopted at the end of the three-day summit, contained two paragraphs on regional organizations.42 In the context of peacekeeping, the report (in paragraph 93) stressed the importance of ‘forging predictable partnerships and arrangements’ between the UN and regional organizations under...

  4. (pp. 24-28)

    Since the end of the Second World War in 1945, the international political system has seen two major turning-points: the end of the Cold War; and the terror attack of ‘9/11’. Both events have had a profound impact on the position and performance of NATO, including the formulation and implementation of ‘transformation agendas’ in completely different security environments. The end of the Cold War has contributed to defining the contours of NATO’s institutional and operational relations with the United Nations, highlighting its inherently ambivalent character as a collective defence organization, which is also willing and capable of performing as an...