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Research Report

EU security and defence: Core documents 2006

Catherine Glière
Copyright Date: Mar. 1, 2007
Pages: 466
OPEN ACCESS
https://www.jstor.org/stable/resrep06973
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 13-16)

    On 9 January 2006, Iran resumed nuclear activities in breach of its commitments under the Paris agreements and in defiance of its obligations under IAEA resolutions. On 12 January, the British, French and German Foreign Ministers and the EU (E3/EU) High Representative declared that the E3/EU negotiation process with Iran had reached an impasse and referred the matter to the United Nations to reinforce the IAEA’s requirements with regard to Iran. This position was echoed in the London declaration of the Foreign Ministers of the E3/EU, the United States, Russia and China on 30 January 2006, as well as in...

  2. (pp. 17-18)

    The plan to establish a European Gendarmerie, launched in 2006 by five member states of the EU (France, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain) came to fruition at the beginning of 2007 with the opening of the headquarters of the European Gendarmerie in Vincenza in Italy. The aim of this force is to provide the EU with an effective crisis management instrument.

    « L’inauguration du Quartier général de la Force européenne de gendarmerie s’inscrit dans la perspective d’une Europe mieux à même de faire face aux crises. Une des principales conclusions de la Stratégie européenne de sécurité concerne la nécessité...

  3. (pp. 19-21)

    On 25 January, legislative elections took place in the Palestinian Territories. The calm in which the voting operations were held and the high voter turnout were proof of the democratic maturity of the Palestinian people. But Hamas’ Victory was unexpected.

    ‘The Palestinian people have voted democratically and peacefully. I welcome this. The European Union has supported the smooth running of these elections.

    We await confirmation of the results. These results may confront us with an entirely new situation which will need to be analysed by the Council next Monday. The EU will express its views on prospects for cooperation with...

  4. (pp. 22-26)

    In order to inaugurate the debate on the future development of Europe recommended by the European Council in June 2005, the Austrian Presidency, in collaboration with the European Commission, organised a conference on this theme in Salzburg at the end of January 2006. Some 300,000 opinionand decision-makers from the worlds of politics, science, the arts and the media were invited to examine citizens’ fears regarding Europe and to give their point of view on the future of the European project faced with the challenges of globalisation.

    I am delighted to give this afternoon’s keynote speech. I am especially pleased with...

  5. (pp. 27-27)

    The Foreign Ministers of China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States of America and the High Representative of the European Union met on 30 January 2006 to discuss the Iranian nuclear dossier. After this meeting, a joint communiqué was adopted asking the extraordinary board meeting of the IAEA to report its decision on the steps required of Iran to the Security Council. On 4 February 2006, the IAEA board of governors would adopt a resolution to this effect.

    UK Foreign Secretary Jack Straw issued the following statement:

    The Foreign Ministers of China, France, Germany, Russia, the United...

  6. (pp. 28-35)

    The Council adopted the following conclusions:

    1. The Council welcomed the Commission’s Communication ‘The Western Balkans on the road to the EU: Consolidating stability, raising prosperity’ as a good basis for further work in preparing discussions at the Gymnich and at the informal EU-Western Balkans Foreign Ministers’ Meeting in Salzburg in March 2006. The EU remains committed to help the Western Balkans countries on their road to the EU through practical measures to make the European perspective more tangible.

    2. The Council expressed its sadness at the death of the President of Kosovo, Ibrahim Rugova. Kosovo has lost a historic leader who...

  7. (pp. 36-37)

    The controversy that followed the publication of cartoons depicting the Prophet Mohammed in the European press and the violent reaction throughout the Muslim world alarmed the international community. A consensus swiftly emerged: the Secretary General of the United Nations, the Secretary General of the Islamic Conference and the High Representative for CFSP issued a statement advocating freedom of expression in the press, respect for religious beliefs and intercommunity dialogue but categorically condemning violence.

    We are deeply alarmed at the repercussions of the publication in Denmark several months ago of insulting caricatures of the Prophet Mohammed and their subsequent republication by...

  8. (pp. 38-41)

    It is a real pleasure to open this conference. It gives me a chance to share with you some reflections on the importance of European defence research and technology.

    I would like to begin by putting defence research and technology, and the work of the European Defence Agency, in a broader context.

    It is worth stressing that our work in these areas serves a larger purpose, which is to enhance Europe’s ability to deal with a complex and uncertain security environment. Or to promote ‘a secure Europe in a better world’, as the European Security Strategy put it. There is...

  9. (pp. 42-49)

    The Council adopted the following conclusions:

    ‘The Council welcomed the very substantial progress made in restoring peace in Aceh and commended the Government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) for their good cooperation and genuine commitment to implement the Helsinki Memorandum of Understanding of August 2005.

    The Council noted with satisfaction that the demobilisation of GAM and the decommissioning of its weapons as well as the relocation away from Aceh of non-organic military forces and non-organic police has been successfully completed. However, important challenges remain regarding the further implementation of the MoU. The Council therefore called on both...

  10. (pp. 50-54)

    Javier Solana, EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, today welcomed the Council decision to extend the EU-led Aceh Monitoring Mission (AMM) for a period of up to three months:

    “I very much welcome today’s Council decision to extend the Aceh Monitoring Mission. The peace process in Aceh is going well and I firmly believe that this extension will contribute to the further strengthening of confidence and trust between the parties.

    Over the last six months a safe and peaceful environment has emerged in Aceh and the peace process has become irreversible. But recovery is long process and...

  11. (pp. 55-57)

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14 thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) On 12 December 2003, the European Council adopted the EU Strategy against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, Chapter III of which contains a list of measures to combat such proliferation.

    (2) The European Union is actively implementing the EU Strategy and is giving effect to the measures listed in Chapter III thereof, in particular those related to reinforcing the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC), including supporting national implementation of the BTWC, and continuing the reflection on the verification mechanism.

    (3) The...

  12. (pp. 58-61)

    In line with the mandate received from the Union’s Heads of State or Government at the informal meeting at Hampton Court and with the preliminary guidelines submitted to you in December 2005, I am now presenting concrete proposals for strengthening the Union’s disaster response capacity.

    The principle of using assets developed in the ESDP context to support civil protection and humanitarian aid is an established one. As we know from the Indian Ocean Tsunami in December 2004 and from recent disasters, particularly in Pakistan, military assets can prove essential.

    Our concern is effectiveness. Our action should be complementary: this means...

  13. (pp. 62-63)

    Energy security has shot to the top of the European and wider international agenda. It is easy to see why. Europe will be importing a growing amount of its energy needs from abroad. We already rely on external sources for 50 per cent. Most estimates suggest this will rise to 90 per cent for oil and 70 per cent for gas by 2030. Russia’s recent disputes with Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova over the terms of gas supplies have concentrated our minds.

    If we are importing an ever greater amount of energy from abroad, we need to discuss this with foreign...

  14. (pp. 64-65)

    As happens every six months, the Foreign Ministers of the Member States of the European Union held an informal meeting (Gymnich) on 10 and 11 March 2006. An informal meeting of EU/Balkans ministers was then held, involving the Romanian, Bulgarian and Turkish Foreign Ministers, as well as the ministers of the five Balkan countries (Croatia, FYROM, Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Albania).

    1. The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Member States of the European Union, the acceding states, the candidate states, the potential candidate countries of the Western Balkans, the Secretary General of the Council/High Representative, and the European Commissioner...

  15. (pp. 66-69)

    Ladies and Gentlemen, Dear friends,

    I am very pleased to be with you this morning. Let me start by thanking and congratulating all of you, for participating in this high-level training course. I hope, and trust, that you now have a better sense of what ESDP is all about.

    The EU is not always easy to understand. It is a political Union, not a state nor a traditional defence alliance. Our constant aim is to promote peace and address the complex security challenges of this century.

    The story of ESDP is very exciting. This is the area where the EU...

  16. (pp. 70-76)

    The Council adopted the following conclusions:

    ‘1. The Council welcomed the fruitful deliberations at the informal EU-Western Balkans Foreign Ministers meeting in Salzburg on 11 March 2006 as reflected in the Joint Press Statement.

    2. The Council underlined its determination to fully implement the commitments given in the Thessaloniki agenda in order to master the challenges the region faces in 2006 and beyond.

    3. It welcomed the Commission’s Communication ‘The Western Balkans on the road to the EU: consolidating stability and raising prosperity’ and expressed its intention to take forward its implementation.

    4. The EU will continue to assist the Western Balkan countries...

  17. (pp. 77-83)

    43. The European Council notes that Europe is facing a number of challenges in the energy field: the ongoing difficult situation on the oil and gas markets, the increasing import dependency and limited diversification achieved so far, high and volatile energy prices, growing global energy demand, security risks affecting producing and transit countries as well as transport routes, the growing threats of climate change, slow progress in energy efficiency and the use of renewables, the need for increased transparency on energy markets and further integration and interconnection of national energy markets with the energy market liberalisation nearing completion (July 2007), the...

  18. (pp. 84-84)

    The Foreign Ministers of the five member countries of the Security Council and of Germany, and the High Representative for CFSP, reaffirmed their view that Iran should adopt an approach that would allow it to return to the negotiating table.

    ‘The Foreign Ministers of China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and the High Representative of the European Union met in Berlin today, 30 March 2006.

    We had a very substantive exchange of views on the situation resulting from Iran’s nuclear activities.

    We continue to be seriously concerned about the outstanding issues relating to Iran’s...

  19. (pp. 85-88)

    I am appearing before the European Parliament at a critical time for the future of the Middle East peace process, immediately after the forming of a new Palestinian government and the holding of elections in Israel.

    Allow me first to describe how I see the present situation, before going on to set out the points on which, in my view, Europe’s position should be based at this delicate juncture.

    In the occupied territories, Hamas has taken over the reins of government. Its programme, as presented by Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh, is unfortunately unacceptable to the international community. It does not...

  20. (pp. 89-91)

    The Council adopted a joint action establishing an EU planning team regarding a possible EU crisis management operation in the field of rule of law and possible other areas in Kosovo (EUPT Kosovo) (7771/06).

    The objective of the EUPT Kosovo is the following:

    to initiate planning, including necessary procurement processes, to ensure a smooth transition between selected tasks of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) and a possible EU crisis management operation in the field of rule of law and other areas that might be identified by the Council in the context of the future status process;...

  21. (pp. 92-101)

    To ensure a smooth transition between UNMIK (United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo) and EUPT (EU crisis management operation planned in Kosovo), the EU Council has adopted a Joint Action according to which a core team will be deployed gradually from the end of April with the intention of having the full team in place before 1 September 2006.

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union and, in particular Article 14 and the third subparagraph of Article 25 thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1244, a process to determine the future status of...

  22. (pp. 102-118)

    In order ‘to support the electoral process and the Congolese people at this historic juncture’, as Javier Solana said, between 21 and 27 April the Council of the European Union adopted three joint actions aimed at guaranteeing the smooth conduct of the elections to be held in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The first aim is to strengthen the EUPOL Kinshasa police mission set up at the end of 2004 and to extend the mandate of the EUSEC RD Congo assistance for security sector reform. Otherwise EUFOR, launched to provide support to the United Nations mission in DRC (MONUC), is...

  23. (pp. 119-129)

    The Council adopted the following conclusions:

    1. The Council regretted that Serbia and Montenegro was still not fully cooperating with the ICTY and it therefore supported the Commission’s decision to call off the negotiating round on a Stabilisation and Association Agreement scheduled for 11 May, in line with its conclusions of 3 October 2005 and 27 February 2006.

    2. The Council reiterated its firm commitment to the European perspective of Serbia and Montenegro. In this context, the Council indicated its support to resume negotiations as soon as full cooperation with the ICTY is achieved. It once again urged the authorities in Belgrade...

  24. (pp. 130-145)

    The Council, in the presence of defence ministers, discussed recent progress under the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) and adopted the following conclusions:

    The Council noted with satisfaction the progress achieved with regard to the development of new methodologies for the qualitative approach to capability planning called for by the Headline Goal 2010.

    The Council recognised the Roadmap to the Progress Catalogue as an important basis for achieving a far more advanced capability development process. It establishes a common understanding of the process of Scrutinising, Assessing and Evaluating of capabilities, using the Capability Development Mechanism (CDM), and in defining...

  25. (pp. 146-149)

    In November 2005, a Code of Conduct on Defence Procurement was approved by Defence Ministers to cover defence equipment purchases which are exempt from the normal cross-border competition rules of the EU single market. To underpin this regime and in view of the European defence equipment market due to be launched on 1 July, the Ministers of the EU Member States participating in the EDA approved a Code of Conduct which aims to maximising fair and equal opportunities for all suppliers.

    1. This is a voluntary Code of Best Practice in the Supply Chain (hereinafter referred to as the ‘CoBPSC’) for...

  26. (pp. 150-151)

    The long-suffering people of Darfur need help – not next week, or next month, but today. The violence that has long terrorized the civilian population is persisting. Extreme human rights violations are continuing and aid deliveries are facing huge difficulties and risk being cut back. Consequently, the humanitarian situation is the worst on the planet.

    What is more, the war in Darfur risks spreading to the whole of the region. Chad has already been engulfed by it. This humanitarian and political crisis is unacceptable, an affront to our conscience. Standing by is not an option.

    That is why the European...

  27. (pp. 152-157)
    Robert Schuman

    ‘Europe will not be made all at once, or according to a single plan. It will be built through concrete achievements which first create a de facto solidarity.’

    In January 2006 Wolfgang Schüssel and José Manuel Barroso, Presidents of the Council of the European Union and of the European Commission respectively, asked me to draw up a report on the EU’s response to major cross-border emergencies for the June European Council.

    Since the tsunami of 26 December 2004, the EU and other players, in particular the United Nations, have been eager to improve their response to emergencies. Since January 2005...

  28. (pp. 158-158)

    Javier Solana, EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), today welcomed the Council decision to extend the Aceh Monitoring Mission (AMM) by three months until 15 September 2006:

    ‘I welcome today’s Council decision to extend the Aceh Monitoring Mission. I am certain that this extension, which was requested by the Indonesian Government with the full support of the Free Aceh Movement (GAM), will contribute to further strengthening confidence and trust between the parties.

    Remarkable progress has been achieved in a very short time, but there are still some steps to be taken. With this extension of the...

  29. (pp. 159-166)

    The Council adopted the following conclusions:

    The EU will work for the full and rapid implementation of the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) as a precondition for lasting peace and security in Darfur and an end to the suffering of millions of the people in Darfur. The EU calls on all parties to implement the DPA and states its willingness to take measures against those that impede the peace process. Together with other partners in the international community, the EU will continue to provide planning, technical, financial and equipment support to both the military and police components of the African Union...

  30. (pp. 167-170)

    EUJUST LEX mission, which started on 1 July 2005, was designed to address the urgent needs in the Iraqi criminal justice system through providing training in the fields of management and criminal investigation to be given to senior officials and executive staff from the judiciary, the police and the penitentiary. This mission was extended until 31 October 2006.

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14 and the third subparagraph of Article 25 thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) On 7 March 2005, the Council adopted Joint Action 2005/190/CFSP on the European Union Integrated Rule of Law Mission...

  31. (pp. 171-192)

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14 thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) On 12 December 2003, the European Council adopted the EU Strategy against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, Chapter III of which contains a list of measures to combat such proliferation and which need to be taken both within the EU and in third countries.

    (2) The EU is actively implementing this Strategy and is giving effect to the measures listed in Chapter III thereof, in particular through releasing financial resources to support specific projects conducted by multilateral institutions, such as the International...

  32. (pp. 193-229)

    2. In June 2005 the Heads of State or Government called for a period of reflection during which a broad debate should take place in all Member States, involving citizens, civil society, social partners, national parliaments and political parties, with the contribution of European institutions. The European Council welcomes the various initiatives taken in the Member States in the framework of national debates, as well as a series of events organised by the Austrian Presidency, in particular the Conference ‘The Sound of Europe’ in Salzburg on 27/28 January 2006. The European Council expresses its gratitude to the Commission for having contribute...

  33. (pp. 230-234)

    The EU and the world need reliable, affordable and sustainable flows of energy. This is a key element for economic development and the achievement of the Lisbon goals. There is an obvious link between energy security, sustainability and competitiveness.

    Increasing dependence on imports from unstable regions and suppliers presents a serious risk. Some major producers and consumers have been using energy as a political lever. Other risks include the effects on the EU internal energy market of external actors not playing by the same market rules nor being subject to the same competitive pressures domestically.

    A secure energy supply requires...

  34. (pp. 235-251)

    We, the leaders of the European Union (EU) and the United States of America (U.S.), met today in Vienna to respond to the concerns of our citizens for peace, security, stability and prosperity in an increasingly globalised world.

    We welcome that over the past year our Transatlantic Partnership has delivered real results as shown by the political and economic Progress Reports we issued today. We remain committed to finding common or complementary lines of action in many areas. Over the last year there have been many examples of how productive our relationship is, in the Middle East, Iran, the Western...

  35. (pp. 252-253)

    La journée du 1er juillet, qui verra la création d’un nouveau marché européen des équipements de défense, est à marquer d’une pierre blanche. Fait sans précédent, des pays européens se sont engagés à acquérir leurs équipements de défense auprès de celui d’entre eux qui fait la meilleure offre et non en passant automatiquement contrat avec un fournisseur national. Le code de conduite qui introduit cette innovation radicale a été négocié et mis en oeuvre dans un délai de dix-huit mois à peine après le démarrage de l’Agence européenne de défense.

    Si 22 Etats membres sur les 24 que compte l’Agence...

  36. (pp. 254-254)

    On the 1st of June, we met in Vienna and agreed a set of far reaching proposals as a basis for negotiation with Iran, stressing however that, should Iran decide not to engage, further steps would have to be taken in the Security Council. This offer was delivered to Tehran on the 6th of June. It includes offers of cooperation in the political, economic and nuclear areas which would be of significant benefit to Iran.

    Today, five weeks later, we reviewed the situation, on the basis of a report by Javier Solana who has met three times with Dr Larijani....

  37. (pp. 255-263)

    ‘1. The Council reiterated the EU’s continuing support to the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) as a basis for peace and reconciliation in Darfur and encouraged its full and rapid implementation. The Council underlined the urgent need to show peace dividend to the people of Darfur and noted the important role of the Darfur-Joint Assessment Mission (D JAM) in this respect. The findings of the JAM will be presented at a Donors Conference organised by The Netherlands which is currently planned for October 2006. The Council stressed that for a successful JAM an improvement in security on the ground is urgently...

  38. (pp. 264-268)

    This conference held on 18 July followed the one organized four months earlier by the EU together with the United Nations and the African Union, which aimed at supporting the implementation of the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA), and enhancing support for the African Union Mission in Darfur (AMIS). Below is a summary of remarks made by Javier Solana on this occasion.

    I welcome you all. We meet at a difficult time for Darfur. Those who have signed the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) are not implementing it. And there remain two important parties who continue to refuse to sign it. Meanwhile...

  39. (pp. 269-271)

    Prior to the first round of direct talks between Belgrade and Pristina on Kosovo’s status held by the Contact Group, Javier Solana and Olli Rehn issued a report on the future role and contribution of the EU in Kosovo, based on previous joint papers submitted to the Council in 2005. Extracts from this report are reproduced below.

    UN Special Envoy Mr Martti Ahtisaari has been working on developing a clearer understanding on the parameters of the future settlement and to identify common ground between the two sides. The work is on-going. Mr Ahtisaari presented his latest assessment of progress on...

  40. (pp. 272-276)

    From July 2006, an escalation of hostilities between Israel and Lebanon resulted in a large number of casualties both among the soldiers and the civilian population. The international community attempted to broker a ceasefire. The Finnish presidency of the Council, the European Commission and the General Secretariat of the Council published several joint press releases, two of which are reproduced below.

    The EU Council will hold an extraordinary meeting on 1 August in order to assess the situation in Lebanon and to prepare further EU action following the International Conference on Lebanon in Rome on 26 July.

    President of the...

  41. (pp. 277-279)

    The Council held an exchange of views with the UNSG Kofi Annan on the situation in Lebanon.

    Following this exchange of views, the Council expressed its strong will to see all parties in the region playing a constructive role in helping to implement UNSCR Resolution 1701.

    The Council gave Kofi Annan its full support in his efforts to find ways to swiftly implement Resolution 1701. Aware of the urgency of the need to implement it, the Council welcomed Member States' willingness to contribute rapidly to the reinforcement of UNIFIL forces together with their international partners. The Council stressed the important...

  42. (pp. 280-280)

    The Aceh Monitoring Mission (AMM) of the EU in Indonesia was extended for an initial period of three months until 15 December 2006. Javier Solana welcomed this decision of the Council.

    ‘It is with satisfaction that I welcome today’s Council decision to extend the Aceh Monitoring Mission. In view of the remarkable progress in the Aceh peace process, which we have helped to achieve, it seems clear that it is our obligation to respond positively to the request from the Government of Indonesia (GoI), with the full support of the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) leadership, to a final extension of...

  43. (pp. 281-290)

    The Council adopted the following conclusions:

    1. The Council expressed concern at recent cases of inflammatory rhetoric used during the election campaign. In this context, the Council reaffirmed its unequivocal commitment to the Dayton-Paris Peace Agreement and the territorial integrity of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH).

    2. The Council emphasised that the elections scheduled for 1 October should be conducted in accordance with international standards. In the light of the envisaged closure of OHR, these elections will be particularly significant as the leaders chosen will have to take greater responsibility for the realisation of BiH’s European perspective.

    3. While welcoming the progress made on...

  44. (pp. 291-299)

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union and, in particular Article 14 and Article 25, third subparagraph, thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1244, a process to determine the future status of Kosovo led by the UN Status Envoy Mr Martti Ahtisaari was launched at the beginning of November 2005. The success of this process is essential not only for providing a clearer perspective for the people of Kosovo but also for the overall stability of the region.

    (2) The United Nations will remain fully engaged in Kosovo until the end of UNSCR 1244....

  45. (pp. 300-303)

    Yesterday’s election results are still preliminary – but the challenges before the new governments are known: Bosnia and Herzegovina still needs the same reforms today as a week ago.

    The EU is committed to BiH. We are prepared to work with any government that is genuinely committed to implement the reforms that BiH needs to move closer to the EU, and to uphold the Dayton/Paris Peace Agreement. What we need to see now is an effective government, quickly formed, so that it can get on with the people’s priorities.

    The people of BiH will judge the next governments by their...

  46. (pp. 304-326)

    In November 2005, the European Defence Agency was tasked by its Steering Board with developing an initial ‘Long-Term Vision’ of Europe’s defence capacities and requirements. On 3 October 2006, after a year of work, EU Defence Ministers welcomed the outcome of this undertaking, and authorised its publication. ‘This fascinating document offers planners, working their way through the fog of the future, a shared and stimulating analysis of some of the major trends that will shape that future,’ said Javier Solana at the beginning of the ministerial meeting. ‘It provides shared views on the state of the world in which European...

  47. (pp. 327-327)

    When we met in Vienna on 1 June, we agreed a far-reaching set of proposals that aimed to address international concerns over Iran’s nuclear programme and to provide the basis for long-term political and economic cooperation with Iran.

    Our proposals would give Iran everything it needs to develop a modern civil nuclear power industry and allow the Iranian people to enjoy the benefits of nuclear energy, through a long-term agreement which would satisfy the international community that Iran’s programme was exclusively for peaceful purposes.

    Following the meeting in Vienna, and our subsequent meeting in Paris on 12 July, and, Iran’s...

  48. (pp. 328-333)

    Mesdames et Messieurs, chers amis,

    C’est toujours avec le même plaisir que je vous retrouve à Paris pour notre Conférence annuelle. Pour débattre de l’état de l’Union, de son nouveau statut d’acteur global, de ses responsabilités, mais aussi de ses contraintes.

    Pour discuter de tout cela, il faut partir du monde tel qui est aujourd’hui. Commençons par là si vous le voulez bien.

    Vous tous ici présents êtes de vrais experts pour disséquer les évolutions du monde. Pour ma part, vous le savez, je suis un grand voyageur. Avec un passé de physicien certes, mais aussi de Ministre de la...

  49. (pp. 334-334)

    On 9 October 2006 North Korea announced that it had carried out a nuclear test. According to the international monitoring system set up under the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, a highintensity explosion occurred in a northeastern province of the country. This test was unanimously condemned by the international community. Javier Solana issued a statement on the matter which is reproduced below.

    ‘North Korea has carried out its first nuclear test. I firmly condemn this nuclear test, which is a totally irresponsible act. It seriously undermines regional security and stability. This test is also a matter of grave concern owing...

  50. (pp. 335-343)

    The Council adopted a joint action amending and extending joint action 2005/190/CFSP on the EU Integrated Rule of Law Mission for Iraq (EUJUST LEX) (13171/06).

    The new joint action extends the mandate of the mission until 31 December 2007 (Joint Action 2005/190/CFSP expires on 31 October 2006).

    EUJUST LEX, a mission conducted under the European security and defence policy, is designed to address urgent needs in the Iraqi criminal justice system by providing training in management and criminal investigation to be given to senior officials and executive staff in the judiciary, police and penitentiary sectors. The operational phase of the...

  51. (pp. 344-345)

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14 thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) On 12 June 2006, following a review of the mission by the Secretary General/High Representative, the Council agreed to extend EUJUST LEX for another 18 months after the expiry of the existing mandate, until 31 December 2007.

    (2) On the same date, the Council adopted Joint Action 2006/413/CFSP amending and extending Joint Action 2005/190/CFSP on the European Union Integrated Rule of Law Mission for Iraq, EUJUST LEX(¹). That Joint Action covers the first phase of this extension until 31 October 2006

    (3) This joint...

  52. (pp. 346-357)

    The European Parliament,

    having regard to the European Security Strategy adopted by the European Council on 12 December 2003,

    having regard to the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, signed in Rome on 29 October 2004,

    having regard to the Presidency conclusions of the European Councils of 16/17 June and 15/16 December 2005, and in particular to the Presidency reports on ESDP,

    having regard to its resolution of 14 April 2005 on the European Security Strategy¹,

    having regard to the EU Strategy against proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, endorsed by the Council on 9 December 2003,

    having regard to...

  53. (pp. 358-361)

    The Council took note of an EU concept for strengthening African capabilities for the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts.

    The EU strategy for Africa was agreed by the European Council in December 2005 as a basis for closer cooperation between the EU and Africa. Cooperation is based on a strategic partnership between the EU and the regional organisations on the continent, and in particular the African Union (AU), covering a whole range of policy issues, including governance, migration, peace and security, agriculture, research, health and education.

    Key to the strengthening of the relationship is the provision of support for...

  54. (pp. 362-374)

    The Council held its six-monthly review of developments under the European Security and Defence Policy, in the presence of defence ministers. They discussed operations, including the following:

    Ministers were briefed by the High Representative and the Commander of the EU military operation EUFOR Althea. The High Representative, underlining the EU’s continued commitment to Bosnia and Herzegovina, indicated that a decision to reduce troop strength was under consideration, which would be based on an evaluation of the security situation in BiH. He recommended that the decision in principle to start the transition towards a reduction of the level of forces be...

  55. (pp. 375-381)

    1. We’ve had an extremely productive meeting of the Steering Board of the European Defence Agency, demonstrating that European defence is on the move.

    2. First of all, 19 governments have agreed to participate in a ground-breaking new Research & Technology initiative and pledged a budget of more than 55 million Euros

    3. The Joint Investment Programme will look into how new technologies could help to provide better protection for our armed forces. Nothing is more important than ensuring that our troops have the best possible chance of returning home safely from operations where, as we can see almost every day, they face a...

  56. (pp. 382-383)

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14 thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) On 25 November 2005 the Council adopted Joint Action 2005/889/CFSP on establishing a European Union Border Assistance Mission for the Rafah Crossing Point (EU BAM Rafah)(1) for a period of 12 months.

    (2) The Agreed Arrangement between the Government of Israel and the Palestinian Authority specifies that the initial 12-month mandate of the mission may be renewable for a further period of six months unless all Parties agree to bring the Mission to a close.

    (3) On 15 September 2006, the Council reiterated its...

  57. (pp. 384-391)

    1. One year after the Barcelona Summit and eleven years after the Barcelona Declaration, the Foreign Ministers of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership meeting in Tampere, under the Presidency of H.E. Erkki Tuomioja Foreign Minister of Finland, considering the current challenges, reaffirm their commitment to the objective of achieving a common area of peace, stability and shared prosperity in the Mediterranean region

    This objective requires a comprehensive approach to achieving peace, security and stability, strengthening democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights, sustainable and balanced economic and social development, measures to combat poverty and exclusion, including wider access to education...

  58. (pp. 392-394)

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14 thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) On 25 November 2002, the Council adopted Joint Action 2002/921/CFSP extending the mandate of the European Union Monitoring Mission(¹) (‘the EUMM’).

    (2) On 21 November 2005, the Council adopted Joint Action 2005/807/CFSP(²) extending the mandate of the EUMM until 31 December 2006.

    (3) The EUMM should continue its activities in the Western Balkans in the support of the European Union’s policy towards that region, with the principal focus on political and security developments in Kosovo and Serbia, and neighbouring areas that might be affected...

  59. (pp. 395-397)

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union and, in particular Article 14 and Article 25, third subparagraph, thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) On 9 December 2004, the Council adopted Joint Action 2004/847/CFSP on the European Union Police Mission in Kinshasa (DRC) regarding the Integrated Police Unit (EUPOL ‘Kinshasa’)(1).

    (2) By Joint Action 2005/822/CFSP of 21 November 2005(2), the Council amended and extended the mandate of EUPOL ‘Kinshasa’ for a first phase until 30 April 2006. By Joint Action 2006/300/CFSP of 21 April 2006, the Council amended and extended the mandate of EUPOL ‘Kinshasa’ until 31 December 2006(3) which notably provided for...

  60. (pp. 398-409)

    The council adopted the following conclusions:

    The Council looks forward to welcoming Bulgaria and Romania as Member States on 1 January 2007 and notes with satisfaction that the process of ratification of the Accession Treaty is close to completion. In line with the Council conclusions on Bulgaria and Romania of 16-17 October 2006, the Union institutions will cooperate with both member countries and verify progress in the areas of judicial reform and the fight against corruption and organised crime after accession. This and other accompanying measures will ensure that Bulgaria’s and Romania’s accession to the European Union will be a...

  61. (pp. 410-412)

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14 thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) On 10 April 2006 the Council adopted Joint Action 2006/304/CFSP(1) establishing an EU Planning Team (EUPT Kosovo) regarding a possible EU crisis management operation in the field of rule of law and possible other areas in Kosovo. This Joint Action expires on 31 December 2006.

    (2) On 11 October 2006 the Political and Security Committee recommended that EUPT Kosovo be extended and agreed that the mandate of EUPT Kosovo should be adapted.

    (3) Joint Action 2006/304/CFSP should be extended and amended accordingly,

    Joint Action...

  62. (pp. 413-462)

    2. The European Council warmly welcomes Bulgaria and Romania as members of the European Union on 1 January 2007. The accession of Bulgaria and Romania will mark the successful completion of the fifth enlargement.

    3. As agreed by the European Council at its meeting in June 2006, the Union has followed a two-rack approach. It has focussed on making best use of the possibilities offered by the existing treaties to deliver concrete results while preparing the ground for continuing the reform process. The Presidency provided the European Council with an assessment of its consultations with Member States regarding the Constitutional Treaty. The...