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Research Report

Summary of the Policy Forum on South Africa and the Responsibility to Protect

Compiled by Faith Mabera
Copyright Date: Jul. 1, 2015
Pages: 16

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. [ii]-[ii])
  2. (pp. [iii]-[iii])
  3. (pp. 2-2)
  4. (pp. 4-8)

    Dr Zondi raised the point that as the world deliberates the sustainable development goals in 2015, what comes to the fore once more is the importance of security for development. In contextualizing R2P in South Africa’s stream of history, one makes reference to Mandela’s proclamation that human rights would be the lone star that guides South Africa’s foreign policy. At the core of this truism is the African agenda, the notion that South Africa’s destiny is inextricably linked to the African destiny and that the vision was a better, peaceful, progressive and prosperous Africa.

    South Africa is part of Africa,...

  5. (pp. 8-9)

    The AU’s mechanisms and institutions pertinent to peace and security matters are encapsulated in the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) which consists of five pillars namely The Peace and Security Council (PSC), the Panel of the Wise, the Continental Early Warning System (CEWS), the African Standby Force (ASF), and the Peace Fund. The PSC is the ‘standing decision-making organ for the prevention, management and resolution

    of conflicts. It is mandated to anticipate and prevent conflicts; promote peace, security and stability and recommend intervention to the Assembly in the event of grave circumstances.

    The African Standby Force (ASF) was envisaged...

  6. (pp. 9-9)
    Gerrit Kurtz

    The achievements of the international community in the advancement of R2P inspire a profound sense of humility.

    Analysis of the perspectives of different emerging powers on R2P reveals nuances in their approach based on a range of considerations including distinct histories, identities and interests in a multi-polar world. For instance China has focused more on the first pillar of R2P which puts an emphasis on the notion of sovereignty as responsibility. Brazil’s emphasis has been on Responsibility while protecting. Emerging powers have been apprehensive about the employment of force and the tacit linkages with notions of regime change and imperialism...

  7. (pp. 10-10)

    The Responsibility to Protect has come a long way since its endorsement at the 2005 World Summit. Essentially, the battle of ideas has been won; no state can challenge the principle that the international community has an obligation to protect populations faced with mass atrocity crimes. We must be on the guard to ensure that R2P is not misappropriated and left open for abuse and misuse.

    At the end of the day, given the lessons learned from Rwanda and Libya and many other cases, R2P cannot implement itself as a norm, its core tenets can only be as strong and...

  8. (pp. 11-13)