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Research Report

A regional response to the post-election situation in the DRC

Samba Mboup
Fritz Nganje
Copyright Date: Mar. 27, 2012
Pages: 23

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. [ii]-[iv])
  2. (pp. v-vi)
  3. (pp. 1-2)

    The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) held presidential and legislative elections in November 2011 as part of the political process to deepen the transition to democracy begun in 2003. Despite the commitment of the Congolese electorate to advancing the country’s nascent democracy, as evident in the vigilance displayed during the polls, the absence of consensus among political actors as well as logistical challenges meant that the electoral process was mired in controversy from the outset. Not surprisingly, the results of both the presidential and legislative elections have been discredited both within and outside the DRC, giving rise to a political...

  4. (pp. 3-4)

    Although their organisation was welcomed by the Congolese populace, the DRC’s November 2011 presidential and parliamentary elections took place under unfavourable political conditions, which inevitably undermined their democratic value. The integrity of the electoral process was compromised from the outset by undemocratic tendencies, which were revealed in, among other political actions, the quasi-unilateral amendment of the Constitution to undo the two-round system of voting for the presidential election, the exclusion of civil society from the electoral management process, and the censoring of private media outlets.

    The interplay of these structural anomalies produced an electoral process that lacked transparency, did not...

  5. (pp. 5-6)

    A) The dominant political culture in the DRC is still characterised by intolerance, an aversion to dialogue and compromise, and the prioritisation of personal gains over the common good in the conduct of politics. This state of affairs indicates an incomplete transition from an era of dictatorship and violent conflict to a democratic dispensation. Multiparty elections could not thrive in such an environment. State institutions, political parties and even civil society organisations in the DRC do not have the capacity to perform their democratic functions, primarily because of this entrenched political culture.

    B) The democratic deficit and governance challenge in...

  6. (pp. 7-10)

    There is consensus on the urgent need to create conditions for a national dialogue. The purpose of the dialogue is to reflect on the post-election dilemma in the DRC and come up with concrete proposals on what must be done in the country and the region to find a way out of the current institutional, political and socioeconomic deadlock.

    The dialogue must be all-inclusive, structured and principled. This means that the dialogue must have a clear agenda and timeline, as well as clearly defined expected outcomes and targets. It must also be guided by commonly agreed standards, benchmarks, values and...

  7. (pp. 11-12)

    Need for a viable, democratic and credible state that respects human and people’s rights and the rule of the law: There is consensus on the belief that a viable and durable solution to the current post-elections crisis, in the country and the region, requires the pursuit and intensification of efforts towards the advent and consolidation of a viable, democratic and credible state that is committed to respecting human and people’s rights and the rule of law.

    The DRC needs to focus on good governance of natural resources and beneficiation: It was noted that entrenched foreign interests associated with the geo-strategic...

  8. (pp. 13-14)
  9. (pp. 16-17)