The aim of this report has been to study the role of dialogue as a tool to prevent, manage, and resolve international conflicts. The three cases differ in terms of type of conflict, duration and outcome.
In Libya, the conflict has (temporarily) been solved by virtue of the military intervention authorized by the UN Security Council. Prior to the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, Western powers had negotiated over different and only partly related issues (WMD programme, Lockerbie, Bulgarian nurses) and these negotiations fit with elements of the integrative approach.
The case of Iran has to do with its nuclear programme,...