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Research Report

Inter-cultural dialogue in international crises

Pernille Rieker
Ole Jacob Sending
Copyright Date: Aug. 1, 2012
Pages: 103

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. 2-4)
  2. (pp. 5-6)
  3. (pp. 7-10)
    Alexis Crow, Pernille Rieker and Ole Jacob Sending
  4. (pp. 11-18)
    Pernille Rieker and Ole Jacob Sending

    Diplomacy is all about mediating between political units. To a great extent, it is defined by procedures and mechanisms that allow adversaries, even enemies, to talk to each other. Protocol pervades diplomacy because it is there to minimize friction and enable dialogue, or at least communication, in an environment where there is animosity and lack of trust. To identify ‘dialogue’ as a central tool of foreign policy is to say that diplomacy is important to foreign policy, which goes without saying. What is at stake in the identification of dialogue as central to foreign policy is, first, the idea that...

  5. (pp. 19-40)
    Jakub M. Godzimirski

    This study examines the role of dialogue in conflict prevention and solution in the context of the five-day war fought between Georgia and Russia in August 2008. The outbreak of open hostilities on the night of 7/8 August that year resulted in a full-scale military conflict between the Republic of Georgia and the Russian Federation. When Georgian troops were ordered to restore order in the breakaway region of South Ossetia and launched an assault on the city of Tskhinvali, where Russia had a contingent of peacekeepers who came under attack and suffered some losses, Russian policy-makers decided to respond by...

  6. (pp. 41-58)
    Pernille Rieker and Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer

    This case study investigates the role of inter-cultural dialogue in crisis resolution between Libya and Western states between the mid-1990s and the fall of the Gaddafi regime. Following the negotiated abandonment of Libya’s nuclear weapons programme in late 2003, the North African state transitioned from international pariah toward a normalized status in the international community. Within a decade of these breakthroughs, the Libyan regime crumbled following a NATOled campaign in support of the anti-regime forces. These tumultuous developments give rise to questions about the possibilities for dialogue – and negotiated reform – with a radical and isolated regime. What role...

  7. (pp. 59-86)
    Sverre Lodgaard

    This study examines the diplomatic dimension of the conflict over Iran’s nuclear programme, asking why the talks have fared so poorly. Most of the time, they have been confined to diplomatic posturing, exchanging proposals that have been tightly constrained by incompatible red lines graven in stone in the domestic politics of the main parties. At no point have the talks been anywhere near a diplomatic solution to the problem.

    Sometimes actors go to the negotiations table to avoid war. That was the main motive when the Europeans engaged Iran in 2003. Or they may do so to legitimize the use...

  8. (pp. 89-94)
    Pernille Rieker and Ole Jacob Sending

    The aim of this report has been to study the role of dialogue as a tool to prevent, manage, and resolve international conflicts. The three cases differ in terms of type of conflict, duration and outcome.

    In Libya, the conflict has (temporarily) been solved by virtue of the military intervention authorized by the UN Security Council. Prior to the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, Western powers had negotiated over different and only partly related issues (WMD programme, Lockerbie, Bulgarian nurses) and these negotiations fit with elements of the integrative approach.

    The case of Iran has to do with its nuclear programme,...

  9. (pp. 95-100)
  10. (pp. 101-103)