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Research Report

Synthesis Report of the Baseline Study on Civilian Capacity: A CIVCAP Network Joint Research Project

Paul Keating
Sharon Wiharta
Copyright Date: May. 1, 2013
Pages: 52

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. I-II)
  2. (pp. V-VI)
  3. (pp. VII-VIII)
  4. (pp. 1-3)

    During crisis and in the aftermath of conflict, deploying the right civilian capacities can be essential to building peace, to facilitating fragile social and economic transitions and to reinforcing national and local institutions. The Civilian Capacity in the Aftermath of Armed Conflict (CIVCAP) process, launched in 2010, is an international effort to strengthen the thinking around, and the machinery for, providing effective civilian assistance in crisis and post-conflict settings.

    In support of the CIVCAP process, a new network of research partners has been formed and is working to find opportunities for strengthening and supporting CIVCAP. The Civilian Capacity Network is...

  5. (pp. 4-6)

    Released in early 2011, the independent report of the Senior Advisory Group on Civilian Capacity in the Aftermath of Conflict set in motion an international effort to tackle systemic challenges in civilian capacity mobilization. Existing approaches to mobilizing specialized technical expertise had repeatedly been found wanting in post-conflict settings.

    A central feature of the CIVCAP agenda has been the frank recognition that in the aftermath of armed conflict, or in other crises, traditional civilian technical assistance programmes and international peace operations have struggled to identify and deploy enough appropriately experienced and skilled civilian specialists. Technical assistance programmes have been slow...

  6. (pp. 7-11)

    Nations of the Global South are already engaged in UN peace operations at significant levels, as well as providing civilian assistance bilaterally. More than 60 per cent of the total international civilian staff in UN peace missions come from Global South countries. More than 80 per cent of the CIVCAP-type positions requested from governments to fill specialized justice and corrections functions have been provided by the Global South, in particular by smaller developing countries.⁹ The next chapters explore the perspectives and experiences of some major actors in the Global South – Brazil, India, Indonesia, Russia, South Africa and Turkey –...

  7. (pp. 12-24)

    This section explores the experiences of CIVCAP Network partners. It draws extensively on the six case studies conducted on Brazil, India, Indonesia, Russia, South Africa and Turkey. These case studies explored the normative and policy frameworks that underpin national approaches to CIVCAP, and reviewed national experiences in providing civilian assistance and future aspirations of these countries as regards CIVCAP.

    Several common experiences emerged across the case studies:

    1. The term ‘civilian capacity’ as used by the case-study countries refers to a wider set of activities than merely deploying technical experts abroad. It includes capacity-development activities such as short-term missions, trainings, scholarships,...

  8. (pp. 25-31)

    The case studies give rise to a range of questions and considerations regarding the Global South’s interactions with CIVCAP.

    The CIVCAP concept focuses primarily on the need of the UN, as a deploying entity, to mobilize the right blend of civilian personnel in the right timeframes. Seen from the perspective of the countries studied, however, their interest in and conceptualization of CIVCAP seems considerably broader. They include long- and short-term training programmes, study tours or exchanges as well as short-term expert missions (in addition to longer-term deployments), but most have had less focus on long-term bilateral deployments of personnel in...

  9. (pp. 32-34)

    The CIVCAP Network’s baseline research on CIVCAP points to several areas of common experience and common interest among the partner countries. This section aims to identify general observations or ‘baseline’ (starting point) findings that emerge from this synthesis report and the country case studies. It may be possible for the CIVCAP Network to track some of these baseline findings over time, so as to monitor developments nationally and internationally. The Network may also wish to react proactively to some of these early observations to try to influence developments.

    The following baseline findings are suggested for further discussion:

    1. There is a...