Operational partnerships in UN peacekeeping operations are not a new phenomenon, although they are poorly tracked and seldom researched. The UN has not kept a comprehensive record of such deployments in its missions, nor has it systematically studied the phenomenon. Scholarly literature on the subject is sparse.⁶
Two main variants of partnerships are relevant for our study:
Operational Partnerships: military units in a peacekeeping operation composed of troops or command structures from two or more countries⁷
Standby Arrangements: multinational units, typically from within one region, that engage in pre-deployment training, exercises, and other forms of cooperation in anticipation of deploying...