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Research Report

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE TO COUNTRIES EMERGING FROM CONFLICT:: A Review of Fifteen Years of Interventions and the Future of Peacebuilding

Copyright Date: Feb. 1, 2006
Pages: 75

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. None)
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    Necla Tschirgi
  4. (pp. i-iii)
  5. (pp. 1-4)

    United Nations peacekeeping initially developed during the Cold War era as a means to resolve conflicts between states by deploying unarmed or lightly armed military personnel from a number of countries, under UN command, between the armed forces of the former warring parties.

    The end of the Cold War precipitated a dramatic shift in UN and multilateral peacekeeping. In a new spirit of cooperation, the Security Council established larger and more complex UN peacekeeping missions, often to help implement comprehensive peace agreements between protagonists in intra-state conflicts. Furthermore, peacekeeping came to involve more and more non-military elements to ensure sustainability....

  6. (pp. 4-19)

    The transition from conflict to peace is not a linear process and it is often difficult or even impossible to determine when it starts and when it ends. Security Council approval of a peacekeeping mission may often mark a turning point, ideally paving the way for a successful post-conflict transition and ultimately bringing stability and recovery.

    As a first result, the establishment of a UN peacekeeping mission activates several mechanisms which put the UN at the center of the efforts made by the international community to preserve peace and help improve security. The deployment of the military is often seen...

  7. (pp. 19-33)

    Coordination on peacebuilding issues within the UN system is currently based on the concept of the “integrated mission,”89 experimentally applied in Kosovo after the NATO bombing in the spring of 1999, in response to the peculiarity of “a hybrid mission consisting of a NATO security presence and a UN-led civilian operation with substantial components tasked to the UNHCR, the OSCE, and the EU.”90

    This concept is regarded as effective, if not a strategic tool, at least to “coordinate technical policy differences between the implementing organizations,”91 and has been subsequently applied elsewhere. Its main objective is to ensure that humanitarian and...

  8. (pp. 33-43)

    The international community has yet to create a financing mechanism specifically tailored for postconflict assistance. In chapter 4, we will examine current proposals and recent examples which may eventually lead to such a mechanism, and we will specifically discuss the role of the Standing Fund for Peacebuilding, established at the September 2005 UN Summit (but not yet operational). In the present chapter we will instead attempt to discuss in a comprehensive way the existing, separated and normally uncoordinated funding arrangements. As we have seen in chapter 1, they result from a combination of two well established models, namely, development assistance...

  9. (pp. 43-63)

    As briefly discussed in chapter 2, until recently, national efforts in donor countries to articulate consistent policies in post-conflict peacebuilding, including through better internal coordination, and to translate those policies into action have lagged behind progress achieved in these areas by some UN agencies and the IFIs.

    Most of the debate in the second half of the last decade has been confined to relatively marginal sectors of ministries of foreign affairs and development agencies, often driven by the same limited number of officials who drove the work of the OECD/DAC Informal Task Force on Conflict, Peace and Development Co-operation, which...

  10. (pp. 64-65)
  11. (pp. 66-67)
  12. (pp. 68-68)