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Research Report

Maintaining International Peace and Security:: A Summit Meeting of the UN Security Council

International Peace Institute
Copyright Date: Jun. 1, 2011
Pages: 52

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. None)
  2. (pp. i-ii)
  3. (pp. iii-iv)
    Francesco Mancini

    On September 23, 2010, the United Nations Security Council held a summit meeting on the maintenance of international peace and security, which is the primary responsibility of the Council.¹ The summit was initiated by Turkey, a nonpermanent member of the Council in 2009-2010 and holder of the rotating presidency for September 2010. It was attended by nine heads of state and government and six ministers, and chaired by Abdullah Gül, President of the Republic of Turkey. The resulting presidential statement (S/PRST/2010/18, reproduced in the Annex to this report) reaffirmed that international peace and security require a more comprehensive and coherent...


    • (pp. 1-7)
      Adam C. Smith and Vanessa Wyeth

      On June 25-26, 2010, the government of Turkey and the International Peace Institute co-organized an informal retreat for members of the United Nations Security Council. The discussions aimed to build on and enrich the ongoing debate on the interplay of peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding, in part by drawing on the lessons learned from the UN’s experiences in three regions: Afghanistan, the Balkans, and the Great Lakes region of Africa. A second goal was to facilitate the formulation and implementation of coherent, flexible, and integrated strategies for addressing situations in flux.

      In advance of the retreat, three regional case studies and...


    • (pp. 8-15)
      Gerard Russell

      This article asks what it would mean for the United Nations to play a role in peacemaking in Afghanistan, given the organization’s recent history in that country and its current capabilities. First, it sets out the context and possible future of the reconciliation process in Afghanistan; second, it examines the possible role for, and limitations of, the United Nations there; and, finally, it makes some concrete proposals for future action.

      The term “reconciliation” is regularly used to refer to attempts to bring the Taliban and other insurgents into the mainstream political process. That is how the term will be used...

    • (pp. 16-24)
      Richard Gowan and Daniel Korski

      The Security Council has overseen peacekeeping in the Balkans for eighteen years, issuing more than 200 resolutions and roughly 300 presidential statements on the region since 1991.¹ The UN has deployed eight missions in the region, ranging from the UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR), which peaked at 38,600 troops in 1995, to its monitoring mission on the Prevlaka Peninsula (UNMOP), which involved just twenty-eight military observers.

      The Council has also approved the deployment of NATO and European Union (EU) soldiers and police officers to Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) and Kosovo, while the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) has...

    • (pp. 25-33)
      François Grignon

      The interconnections among peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding have been recognized as one of the key aspects of the successful return to stability in the Great Lakes of Africa by both the parties to conflicts and those international partners supporting peace processes. This was clearly illustrated by the agreements negotiated and signed respectively in Arusha (Burundi, 2001), Lusaka and Pretoria (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1998, 2003), and Juba (the Lord’s Resistance Army, not signed, 2008), which covered a whole range of peacekeeping and peacebuilding issues. These included ceasefire agreements, foreign-troop withdrawal, army integration, militia disarmament, and powersharing, as well...

    • (pp. 34-38)
      Institute International Peace

      The main objectives of the Istanbul Retreat are (1) to advance the Security Council’s continuing consideration of the linkages among peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding and, thus, (2) to facilitate the formulation and implementation of coherent and integrated strategies for addressing situations in flux. To kick off the discussion, lessons-learned papers will be presented on the experiences of UN operations in Afghanistan, the Balkans, and the Great Lakes region of Africa. This paper highlights the following themes drawn from these distinct regional experiences:

      1. Mandates: the process of mandate-making, consultations among partners, and the devising of strategies;

      2. Capacities: developing host-state capacities and...

  6. (pp. 46-46)