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Research Report

The State of UN Peace Operations Reform:: An Implementation Scorecard

Copyright Date: Nov. 1, 2016
Pages: 36

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. None)
  2. (pp. i-ii)
  3. (pp. iii-iv)
  4. (pp. 1-1)
  5. (pp. 2-4)

    Over the past seventy years, peace operations have evolved considerably to become the UN’s most visible activity. UN peace operations range from small cease-fire monitoring and political missions to complex multidimensional peacekeeping operations. There are currently more UN peacekeepers on the ground than ever before, with 120,000 UN personnel (military, police, and civilians) deployed in sixteen peacekeeping missions across four continents with an annual budget exceeding $8 billion. Another 3,700 personnel are serving in eleven field-based special political missions, including country-specific missions and regional offices.¹

    With the growth of peace operations and changes to the environments in which they operate,...

  6. (pp. 5-8)

    The first page of the “scorecard” highlights the main formal actions taken since the HIPPO report was released (see Box 3). For the UN Secretariat, these include the publication on September 2, 2015, of the secretary-general’s follow-on report outlining his agenda and priorities and key actions to move the HIPPO recommendations forward by the end of 2016, when his term ends. Formal actions also include the secretary-general’s informal briefing to the General Assembly on progress on the implementation of the three abovementioned major peace and security reviews on June 9, 2016.

    While the UN Secretariat has on various occasions stated...

  7. (pp. 9-16)

    This section revisits in more detail and in a forward-looking manner the nine strategic areas under which progress was assessed in the previous section. It reiterates a number of HIPPO recommendations (in gray in the right columns of the scorecard), both for the next secretary-general to pursue and infuse with momentum as a matter of priority (without starting anew) and for member states to champion and build consensus around toward effective implementation moving forward. Following the spirit and the letter of the HIPPO report, these recommended actions should not be seen in isolation from one another but rather as a...

  8. (pp. 16-29)

    In 2000, the Brahimi Report called for a “renewed commitment” of all member states to the maintenance of international peace.88 Fifteen years later, while UN peacekeeping and the challenges it faces have evolved, the key conclusion of the HIPPO report is not very different: politics must drive the design and implementation of peace operations, and a renewed focus on prevention is needed to avoid deploying costly peacekeeping operations to manage conflict.89

    While the timing of the HIPPO report in the last year of Ban Ki-moon’s second term was not ideal, and the HIPPO did not benefit from being a formal...

  9. (pp. 30-30)