Skip to Main Content
Have library access? Log in through your library
Research Report

Integrative Processes in the South Caucasus and their Security Implications

Jean Dufourcq
Cees Coops
Copyright Date: Mar. 1, 2006
Published by: NATO Defense College
Pages: 72
  • Cite this Item

Table of Contents

Export Selected Citations Export to NoodleTools Export to RefWorks Export to EasyBib Export a RIS file (For EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zotero, Mendeley...) Export a Text file (For BibTex)
  1. (pp. 5-5)
    Leila Alieva
  2. (pp. 6-7)
    Cees COOPS
  3. (pp. 8-14)

    The issue of threats and risks, and policy responses to them, acquired a profound importance after 2001. The post-Soviet developments in the South Caucasus is an interesting case study, reflecting problems and contradictions in the relations between the West and the East, developed democracies and states in transition, Christians and Muslims. It also contributes to the current debates about: asymmetric threats and ways of addressing them, relations between democracy and security, which effect integration processes may have had on the security challenges of the century.

    This paper will explore two sets of questions. The first is related to the origin...

  4. (pp. 15-17)

    Although two major approaches in the theory of international relations - realist and liberal- have been previously applied to explain a connection between security and integration⁴ there have been nevertheless continuous attempts to incorporate increasing complexity of international security into a modern theory. Necessity to revise traditional approaches has been also caused by an insufficient ability of the theory to foresee developments of the rapidly changing security environment in the world. The existing theoretical perspectives are enriched by an inclusion of the social, or cultural, factors in the traditional realist "state-centred" or liberal, “institutional", paradigm, which allows to bridge the...

  5. (pp. 18-46)

    This chapter will show, how the nature and direction of the integration of the post -Soviet Caucasus affected institutions, or the identity, of state. The post-Soviet Caucasus states, located on the crossroads of Europe and Asia, under the conditions of the complex regional security environment, have a rich history of modernization and various types of legacies. It also has the potential to develop different political regimes and respectively different security environments depending on the direction and nature of the integration.

    The Western policies in the Caucasus, particularly in the beginning of independence, were not evolving according to the expectations of...

  6. (pp. 47-54)

    This chapter will demonstrate the effect of integration on the security environment and the character of threats in the region.

    First, there is a need to summarize the integration processes of the post-Soviet Caucasus states. The post-Soviet regional integration was weak, particularly at the beginning of independence. In spite of repeated attempts to implement various patterns of cooperation, none of them were successful. Few factors were responsible for the weakness of the integration processes. The complicated security situation in the region made cooperation, in a Baltic style, impossible because of the conflict, dividing two of the states – Armenia and...

  7. (pp. 55-61)

    This chapter will show different approaches to regional integration by the local and foreign actors and how greater integration into Western structures, particularly greater consistency in promotion of values and empowerment of society, affected the transformation of the security patterns in the region.

    The initiatives of regional integration, in order to consolidate independence, have been observed in the Caucasus since the late 1980s. Similar to that in Baltic republics, the initiative was supposed to create a common movement of all three republics based on the awareness that unity may protect the three republics of the Caucasus from Russia’s continuing application...

  8. (pp. 62-69)

    Challenges of international security are better understood in the context of interaction between the interests of the external actors and domestic institutions. The state and nation building of the Caucasus took place under the complicated conditions of the competition for influence between the regional powers.

    The analysis of the post-Soviet integration processes in the Caucasus led to the following conclusions:

    The Post-Soviet security environment significantly affected the direction of integration, patterns of regional integration, building of institutions and survival of certain types of political elites.

    The direction and nature of the integration of the states further shaped the type of...