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Research Report

Analysis of National Reports: Implementation of the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms and the International Tracing Instrument in 2009–10

Sarah Parker
Copyright Date: May. 1, 2011
Published by: Small Arms Survey
Pages: 108

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. 1-3)
  2. (pp. 4-5)
  3. (pp. 9-9)
  4. (pp. 10-10)
  5. (pp. 11-12)
    Eric G. Berman

    The UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (PoA) will soon celebrate its tenth anniversary. More than 150 UN member states have issued over 580 national reports describing the progress they have made, the support they have given or received, and their unmet needs in implementing this critically important arms control agreement. This study by Small Arms Survey senior researcher Sarah Parker examines the reports submitted during the period 2009–10 on three themes covered during the Fourth Biennial Meeting of States (BMS4): border controls,...

  6. (pp. 13-15)

    UN member states convened in New York from 14 to 18 June 2010 for the Fourth Biennial Meeting of States (BMS4) to consider the national, regional, and global implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (PoA), as stipulated in General Assembly Resolution 63/72 (UNGA, 2008b, para. 6).¹

    Following informal consultations with states, international and regional organizations, and representatives of civil society and academia in Geneva, Kigali, Lima, New York, and Sydney, the chair-designate of BMS4, Ambassador Pablo Macedo, permanent representative of Mexico to...

  7. (pp. 16-27)

    The PoA does not require states to submit national reports.⁷ Nor does it specify the type of information they should include in their reports, or the frequency with which they should report (although there is a clear shift towards biennial reporting).⁸ Nevertheless, most states have participated at least once in the reporting process, and national reports continue to serve as an important—and sometimes the only—source of information on states’ efforts to implement the PoA. In addition, most states have used, in whole or in part, the PoA reporting template that forms part of the Assistance Package developed under...

  8. (pp. 28-45)

    This section of the report analyses information provided by states with respect to the following two themes chosen for focused consideration during BMS4: (a) border controls; and (b) international cooperation and assistance. Many reports provide little or no information specifically addressing the BMS4 themes. Although they stem from the PoA itself, it is important to note that the focus themes for BMS4 were announced by the chair-designate in March 2010—after the 31 January deadline set by UNODA for the submission of national reports.

    The central provision in the PoA that relates to border controls is paragraph II.27, which provides...

  9. (pp. 46-69)

    Adopted by the UN General Assembly on 8 December 2005, the International Tracing Instrument commits states to undertake a number of measures to ensure the adequate marking and record-keeping of small arms and light weapons, and to strengthen cooperation in tracing illicit firearms.134 With Resolution 61/66 of 6 December 2006, the General Assembly decided that the first meeting of states to consider ITI implementation would be held within the framework of BMS3.135 States have committed themselves to reporting on their implementation of the ITI every two years. Resolution 61/66 encouraged states to include such information in their national reports on...

  10. (pp. 70-75)

    This report has offered a brief overview of the information provided in states’ reports on the BMS4 themes as at 31 December 2010. While the reports tend to constitute the most detailed source of information states make available on their implementation of the PoA and the ITI, the statements of national delegations at BMS4 offer additional insights into national practices and priorities in each of the thematic areas.

    With respect to border controls, several states reiterated in their interventions that the selection of this theme for focused discussion was timely and appropriate. Most states that spoke on the issue emphasized...

  11. (pp. 86-86)
  12. (pp. 87-99)
  13. (pp. 100-101)
  14. (pp. 102-108)