Research Report

Surveying Europe's Production and Procurement of Small Arms and Light Weapons Ammunition: The Cases of Italy, France, and the Russian Federation

Benjamin King
Copyright Date: Jul. 1, 2010
Published by: Small Arms Survey
Pages: 115
OPEN ACCESS
https://www.jstor.org/stable/resrep10729
  • Cite this Item

Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 18-22)
    Benjamin King

    Enumerating a state's demand and supply chains for small arms and light weapons ammunition remains a difficult undertaking. This is largely an outcome of many nations' reluctance to fully disclose information, together with poor accounting practices that hide the value of the data in aggregate totals. This working paper illustrates these challenges by detailing the most comprehensive picture possible of three countries' procurement, production, and exportation of ammunition for small arms and light weapons. Given the variety in transparency and disparate means of disclosure, each researcher took a unique approach towards fact finding. Comprehensive data on procurement, production, and exports...

  2. (pp. 23-53)
    Pierre Gobinet

    A host of academic and specialized publications have tackled the small arms and light weapons issue, either from a gun control and humanitarian perspective, or from a more technical, encyclopedic standpoint. Comparatively little market research exists on the ammunition these weapons use, although a simplistic saying has it that a firearm without ammunition is only an expensive club. If w e look at an example, light weapons, for instance, have a high impact in the media and on public opinion (Small Arms Survey, 2008, pp. 8-12), mostly because of their ammunition's high lethality, which grants them a quasi-political dimension. Such...

  3. (pp. 54-84)
    Giacomo Persi Paoli

    This study explores Italian procurement, exports, and consumption of smalland large-calibre ammunition. It begins by providing background information on the Italian defence budget and military expenditure in order to set the general framework within which the analysis of ammunition procurement and consumption is made. Information regarding the procurement of ammunition came through an analysis of all the Defence Contracts Bulletins published since 2005 by the Italian General Secretariat of Defence and the National Armament Directorate. This analysis reveals that the majority of large calibre ammunition is received through single-source, non-competitive contracts due to the nature of industrial patents. Austria, France,...

  4. (pp. 85-106)
    Pierre Gobinet

    The initial aim of this working paper w as to determine procurement and consumption patterns for small arms and light weapons ammunition by the French gendarmerie, police, and armed forces. The term 'ammunition' refers in this context to both small (<12.7 mm) and large calibre ammunition (>12.7 mm), and includes mortars (50-120 mm), grenade launchers, recoilless rifles, rocket launchers (firing rockets 120 mm or smaller), and cartridges for antimateriel and sniper rifles and heavy machine guns.

    Due to time constraints, and to an obvious reticence on the part of the respective French procurement authorities to provide detailed figures on all...

  5. (pp. 107-122)
    Maxim Pyadushkin

    The Russian Federation has significant capacities for producing small arms and light weapons ammunition, which were inherited from the Soviet defence industry. Although in the 1990s and early 2000s this sector faced serious reductions in domestic procurement orders, the ammunition industry is still capable of satisfying the demand for small arms and light w eapons ammunition from the national armed forces and paramilitary agencies. Moreover, over the past decade Russian manufacturers increased the output of civilian firearms ammunition sold both on the domestic market and for export, and this area became the major source of revenues for the industry. In...