Ableism /ˈeɪblɪzəm/ (also known as ablism, disablism, disability discrimination, and handicapism) is discrimination and social prejudice against people with disabilities. Ableism characterizes persons as defined by their disabilities, and as inferior to the non-disabled. At the same time on this basis, people are assigned or denied certain perceived abilities, skills, and/or character traits. Discrimination faced by those who have or are perceived to have a mental disorder is sometimes called mentalism rather than ableism. There are stereotypes associated with various disabilities. The stereotypes in turn serve as a reason for ableism practices and have an influence on the attitudes and behavior towards the people of the respective group. Labeling affects the person. Their options for action are limited, and the person's identity changed. In ableist societies, able-bodiedness is viewed as the norm; people with disabilities are viewed as deviating from that norm. A disability is seen as something to overcome...
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