Topic: International Cooperation
In international relations, multilateralism is multiple countries working in concert on a given issue. Multilaterlism is a form of alliance, although it may be somewhat different structure than traditional alliances. Multilateralism was defined by Miles Kahler as “international governance" or global governance of the "many," and its central principle was “opposition [of] bilateral discriminatory arrangements that were believed to enhance the leverage of the powerful over the weak and to increase international conflict.” In 1990, Robert Keohane simply defined multilateralism as “the practice of coordinating national policies in groups of three or more states. John Ruggie further elaborated the concept of multilateralism based on the principles of "indivisibility" and "diffuse reciprocity (international relations)" as "an institutional form which coordinates relations among three or more states on the basis of 'generalized' principles of conduct . . . which specify appropriate conduct for a class of actions, without regard to particularistic interests...
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