In the branch of linguistics known as pragmatics, a presupposition (or ps) is an implicit assumption about the world or background belief relating to an utterance whose truth is taken for granted in discourse. Examples of presuppositions include: * Jane no longer writes fiction. * Presupposition: Jane once wrote fiction. * Have you stopped eating meat? * Presupposition: you had once eaten meat. * Have you talked to Hans? * Presupposition: Hans exists. A presupposition must be mutually known or assumed by the speaker and addressee for the utterance to be considered appropriate in context. It will generally remain a necessary assumption whether the utterance is placed in the form of an assertion, denial, or question, and can be associated with a specific lexical item or grammatical feature (presupposition trigger) in the utterance. Crucially, negation of an expression does not change its presuppositions: I want to do it again and...
Search Within This Topic:
Refine ResultsThis is the search filters section. Skip to search results section.
- All Content
- Content I can access