Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious, philosophical and ritual tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (道, literally "Way", also romanized as Dao). Taoist schools function as theoretical and liturgical frameworks for both popular and high cults of broader Chinese religion, and some of them (the Quanzhen traditions) have a distinct monastic institution. The Tao is a fundamental idea in Chinese philosophies and religions other than Taoism; in the latter, however, it denotes the principle that is both the source and the pattern of development of everything that exists. Taoism differs specifically from Confucian traditions by not emphasizing rigid rituals and social order, which are fundamental in the latter. The roots of Taoism go back at least to the 4th century BCE. Early Taoism drew its cosmological notions from the School of Yinyang (Naturalists), and was deeply influenced by one of the oldest...
Source: Wikimedia Commons
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