The word “algebra” is derived from the title of a famous book by Baghdadi mathematician Muḥammad Ibn Mūsa Al-Khwārizmī, who flourished in the 9th century. His name indicates that he (or his family) was from Khwārizm, a town south of the Aral Sea in what is now Uzbekistan. (It is currently called Khiva.) Among Al-Khwārizmī’s influential books was one on “aljabr w’al-muqābala,” which means something like “restoration and compensation.”

The book starts off with quadratic equations, then goes on to practical geometry, simple linear equations, and a long discussion of how to apply mathematics to solve inheritance problems. The portion

EP - 8 ET - 1 PB - Mathematical Association of America PY - 2012 SN - 9780883853559 SP - 3 T1 - Classical, Modern, and Ultramodern T2 - A Guide to Groups, Rings, and Fields UR - http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.4169/j.ctt6wpw6p.5 VL - 48 Y2 - 2021/07/31/ ER -