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The Chicano Generation

The Chicano Generation: Testimonios of the Movement

Mario T. García
Copyright Date: 2015
Edition: 1
Pages: 352
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  • Book Info
    The Chicano Generation
    Book Description:

    InThe Chicano Generation, veteran Chicano civil rights scholar Mario T. García provides a rare look inside the struggles of the 1960s and 1970s as they unfolded in Los Angeles.Based on in-depth interviews conducted with three key activists, this book illuminates the lives of Raul Ruiz, Gloria Arellanes, and Rosalio Muñoz-their family histories and widely divergent backgrounds; the events surrounding their growing consciousness as Chicanos; the sexism encountered by Arellanes; and the aftermath of their political histories.In his substantial introduction, García situates the Chicano movement in Los Angeles and contextualizes activism within the largest civil rights and empowerment struggle by Mexican Americans in US history-a struggle that featured César Chávez and the farm workers, the student movement highlighted by the 1968 LA school blowouts, the Chicano antiwar movement, the organization of La Raza Unida Party, the Chicana feminist movement, the organizing of undocumented workers, and the Chicano Renaissance.Weaving this revolution against a backdrop of historic Mexican American activism from the 1930s to the 1960s and the contemporary black power and black civil rights movements, García gives readers the best representations of the Chicano generation in Los Angeles.

    eISBN: 978-0-520-96136-4
    Subjects: History, Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. 1-17)

    “Viva la Raza! Chicano Power!”

    I first heard these stirring words when I arrived in San Jose, California, in the fall of 1969. I had come from El Paso, Texas, to begin teaching as an instructor of history at San Jose State College (later San Jose State University). The rallying cry was my introduction to the Chicano movement. It had barely surfaced in El Paso, so what I encountered in San Jose was mind-boggling. I had heard about the movement, of course, and, in preparing a class on Chicano history, I had read up on it, discovering some of the...

  5. 1 Raul Ruiz
    (pp. 18-112)

    El Paso, to me, is where everything begins. I am from El Paso. It’s in my blood, as it is for so many othermexicanos.

    My family is not from El Paso. But like so many other Mexican immigrants at the turn of the twentieth century, they came to this border city from Mexico. They came from Chihuahua—el norte.¹ My grandfather on my mother’s side, Miguel Bustillos, was a railroad man. He had little education and very early on worked on the railroads out of Chihuahua. It was the railroad that brought him to the border—la frontera—to...

  6. 2 Gloria Arellanes
    (pp. 113-210)

    As I parked my car in a lot adjacent to Olvera Street, the old Mexican cultural center in downtown Los Angeles, I felt a lump in my throat. Apprehension and even fear crept up on me. I didn’t really want to do this. Why did Rosalio Muñoz call to invite me to the fortieth anniversary of the Chicano Antiwar Moratorium?

    “Gloria, you have to come to the opening day of the exhibit on the anniversary,” Rosalio told me on the phone. “You were an important part of organizing the moratorium, and it’s important that you be recognized.”

    “I don’t know,...

  7. 3 Rosalio Muñoz
    (pp. 211-320)

    My parents came from very different backgrounds. My father’s family emigrated from Mexico, and my mother’s family has deep roots in the Southwest. Yet they both came together, and my siblings and I are the result.

    When I think back on my family history, I begin to appreciate the roots of my political values and commitment in my parents’ background and how they raised us. I was particularly reminded of this when my dad, Dr. Rosalio Florian Muñoz, died in 2004. He was a wonderful and inspiring father and a historical figure in his own right. My mother, María de...

  8. Epilogue
    (pp. 321-322)

    I want to conclude this testimonio on a personal note. First, I want to thank Raul Ruiz, Gloria Arellanes, and Rosalio Muñoz for sharing their stories with me. I hope I have done justice to them.

    The Chicano generation of which Raul, Gloria, and Rosalio are representatives is also my political generation. Although I was not as active as they were, still the movement changed me. I became Chicano as a result of the Chicano movement. At the same time, I have learned much about the movement through these testimonios. I have learned how the movement affected personal lives in...

  9. NOTES
    (pp. 323-332)
  10. INDEX
    (pp. 333-335)