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Selected Works of D.T. Suzuki, Volume I

Selected Works of D.T. Suzuki, Volume I: Zen

Volume Editor and General Editor Richard M. Jaffe
Copyright Date: 2015
Edition: 1
Pages: 336
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/j.ctt9qh2v5
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  • Book Info
    Selected Works of D.T. Suzuki, Volume I
    Book Description:

    Daisetsu Teitaro Suzuki was a key figure in the introduction of Buddhism to the non-Asian world. Many outside of Japan encountered Buddhism for the first time through his writings and teaching, and for nearly a century his work and legacy have contributed to the ongoing religious and cultural interchange between Japan and the rest of the world, particularly the United States and Europe.Selected Works of D. T. Suzukigathers the full range of Suzuki's writings-both classic essays and lesser-known but equally significant articles. This first volume in the series presents a collection of Suzuki's writings on Zen Buddhist thought and practice. In an effort to ensure the continued relevance of Zen, Suzuki drew on his years of study and practice, placing the tradition into conversation with key trends in nineteenth- and twentieth-century thought. Richard M. Jaffe's in-depth introduction situates Suzuki's approach to Zen in the context of modern developments in religious thought, practice, and scholarship. The romanization of Buddhist names and technical terms has been updated, and Chinese and Japanese characters, which were removed from many post-World War II editions of Suzuki's work, have been reinstated. This will be a valuable edition of Suzuki's writings for contemporary scholars and students of Buddhism.

    eISBN: 978-0-520-95961-3
    Subjects: Language & Literature, Religion

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of Illustrations
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. INTRODUCTION
    (pp. xi-lvi)
    Richard M. Jaffe

    For nearly three-quarters of a century, Suzuki Daisetsu Teitarō (1870–1966), better known in the West as D.T.Suzuki or Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki, wrote, translated, and lectured about Zen Buddhism to audiences around the world. Through almost tireless efforts aimed at spreading Zen outside of Asia, the promotion to non-Japanese of those aspects of Japanese culture that he deemed most valuable, and enhancing appreciation for Zen and traditional culture within his home country, Suzuki was for much of the twentieth century the face of Buddhism across wide swaths of the globe. During a period when the nascent fields of Asian studies...

  6. EDITORIAL NOTE
    (pp. lvii-lviii)
  7. 1 A Recommendation for Quiet Sitting
    (pp. 1-10)

    “A Recommendation for Quiet Sitting” (Seiza no susume) was published in 1900 by Kōyukan, a Buddhist publication house.¹ The work was published while Suzuki was residing in LaSalle, Illinois, and Chicago, working with Paul Carus onThe Monistmagazine and translations of Buddhist and classical Chinese texts. Although listed as a coeditor of the work with his Zen teacher, Shaku Sōen, the 1908 edition of the work,Hyōshaku seiza no susume, which was annotated by one of Sōen’s clerical disciples, Seigo Hōgaku, makes clear that the idea to promote quiet sitting to improve the moral character of Japanese youth was...

  8. 2 Zen and Meditation
    (pp. 11-13)

    Apart from the frequently anthologized article “The Zen Sect of Buddhism,” which was published in 1907 in theJournal of the Pāli Text Society,“Zen and Meditation” is one of Suzuki’s earliest English-language articles on Zen. Th e article was published in the journalThe Mahayanist,which was edited by two Western ordained converts to Japanese Buddhism, Mortimer T. Kirby (1877–?) and William Montgomery McGovern (1897–1964). Published from 1915 to 1916, the journal served as the official organ for the Mahayana Association (Daijo Kai), which had been founded by Kirby and McGovern. Suzuki and his wife Beatrice were...

  9. 3 On Satori—The Revelation of a New Truth in Zen Buddhism
    (pp. 14-38)

    Without doubt, the concept of satori plays a central role in Suzuki’s presentation of Zen, a point that has been emphasized particularly in Robert Sharf’s writings on Suzuki’s Zen. This important essay, which was written during the 1920s and was included inEssays in Zen Buddhism(First Series), was one of Suzuki’s most extended explorations of a topic to which he would return numerous times in his later career in lectures, articles, and book chapters. For Suzuki, as with Hakuin and Dahui, satori was essential for an understanding of Zen, although Suzuki makes clear elsewhere in his corpus that the...

  10. 4 The Secret Message of Bodhidharma, or The Content of Zen Experience
    (pp. 39-57)

    In several of the chapters ofEssays in Zen Buddhism(Second Series), Suzuki expanded on his interpretation of the nature of koan and koan practice. During the period he was composing the essays for the volume, Suzuki was well aware of the revolution that was occurring in Zen historical studies, as scholars in China, Europe, and Japan became increasingly aware of Buddhist texts that had been discovered at Dunhuang and deposited in libraries around the globe. As such scholars as Hu Shi, Matsumoto Bunzaburo, and others used Dunhuang to separate fabrication from fact in the early history of Chan (or,...

  11. 5 Life of Prayer and Gratitude
    (pp. 58-67)

    The overwhelming majority of Suzuki’s works on Zen, particularly in the post–Second World War period, focus on the more intellectual aspects of Zen, for example, koan literature, textual history, and developments in its intellectual history, and the philosophical underpinnings of the tradition. At the height of his writing about Zen in English in the 1930s, however, Suzuki did express an awareness of a more complete vision of the tradition that included its liturgical, ritual, and practical aspects. One part of this effort was the publication ofThe Training of the Zen Buddhist Monk,which gave an illustrated overview of...

  12. 6 Dōgen, Hakuin, Bankei: Three Types of Thought in Japanese Zen
    (pp. 68-93)

    In addition to Suzuki’s numerous works that were written in English for a non-Japanese readership, he published a wide variety of books, articles, critical editions of Buddhist texts, and popular pieces for newspapers in Japanese. From the late 1930s until the end of the Pacific War, as he was producing the various volumes ofEssays in Zen Buddhismand his other major works in English on Zen, Suzuki also worked on three volumes in Japanese, “Studies in the History of Zen Thought”(Zen shisoshi kenkyu),in which he focused on key Chinese and Japanese figures in the development of Zen,...

  13. 7 Unmon on Time
    (pp. 94-103)

    Suzuki expressed ambivalence with regard to the various classic koan collections that were compiled in the Song dynasty and later. As Sueki Fumihiko and Stefan Grace make clear in their introduction to the newly published partial translation by Suzuki of theBiyan lu (Blue Cliff Record),on the one hand, for much of his career Suzuki held that production of the classic koan collections, such as theBiyan lu,from which Unmon’s koan on time discussed in this essay is drawn, was evidence of the partial loss of Chan’s vigor and a sign of the over-formalization of the tradition. On...

  14. 8 The Morning Glory
    (pp. 104-112)

    In the latter half of 1949 and 1950, Suzuki spent a great deal of time in the United States, lecturing at the University of Hawaii and subsequently at Claremont College. As evidenced by his letters and interview accounts from that period, the haiku central to this article, Chiyo’s “Asagao,” was a frequent topic of consideration for Suzuki. This reflection on the import of Chiyo’s haiku is representative in several important ways of much of Suzuki’s postwar writings on Asian religion and culture, the most prominent of which isZen and Japanese Culture,which was published in 1959. (See Jaffe, “Introduction.”)...

  15. 9 The Role of Nature in Zen Buddhism
    (pp. 113-135)

    While lecturing at Columbia University in 1952, Suzuki came to the attention of Max Knoll, a physicist at Princeton University, who, along with Christmas Humphreys, a longtime associate of Suzuki, recommended Suzuki as a possible participant at the Eranos Conference, held annually at Ascona, Switzerland. Funded by the Mellon-supported Bollingen Foundation, the conferences offered lectures on a specific topic each year from a wide range of scholars, scientists, and artists. The gatherings in Switzerland were overseen by Carl Jung, who, having written an introduction to the German translation ofIntroduction to Zenin 1939, was already familiar with Suzuki’s work....

  16. 10 The Awakening of a New Consciousness in Zen
    (pp. 136-163)

    When Suzuki returned to Ascona, Switzerland in 1954 to attend his second Eranos Conference (see the introduction to “The Role of Nature in Zen Buddhism”), the theme of the meeting was “Man and Transformation” (Mensch und Wandlung). For the event, Suzuki presented a paper that utilized the Ten Oxherding Pictures as the entry point for a discussion of “The Awakening of a New Consciousness in Zen.” An edited version of the paper, along with images of the Ten Oxherding Pictures, was published in the conference journal,Eranos Jahrbuch,the following year. The essay is an excellent example of how Suzuki...

  17. 11 The Koan and The Five Steps
    (pp. 164-188)

    In the course of his long sojourn in New York in the 1950s, Suzuki met a number of psychoanalysts who, through his writings and seminars at Columbia, had taken an interest in Zen. One of the most prominent members of the group of psychoanalysts to engage with Suzuki was Erich Fromm, who first encountered Suzuki’s writings during the 1940s. From 1950 to 1973, Fromm was in Mexico, working in Cuernevaca and Mexico City, where he played a pivotal role in the development of the psychoanalytical profession in Mexico. Having met Suzuki for a particularly stimulating dinner in 1956, Fromm, who...

  18. 12 Self the Unattainable
    (pp. 189-195)

    In 1962, Bernard Phillips, who was a member of the board of directors of the Zen Studies Society, an organization established by Cornelius Crane to support the work of Suzuki, published one of the most comprehensive anthologies of Suzuki’s English-language works,The Essentials of Zen Buddhism.Compiled while working in Japan, Phillips, who for part of his year in Japan was studying Zen with Hakuun Yasutani, had access to Suzuki’s library and private papers. In this brief essay that initially was intended as an afterword for Phillips’s volume, Suzuki provides a concise description of his view of the nature of...

  19. 13 Zen and Psychiatry
    (pp. 196-201)

    On May 14, 1963, Suzuki gave the brief address included here at the Joint Meeting of the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology and the American Psychiatric Association held at the Hotel Okura in Tokyo. It is likely that Suzuki’s ongoing exchanges with Erich Fromm, Albert Stunkard, and other psychoanalysts brought him to the attention of those organizing the event. Although, perhaps, as Suzuki indicates toward the end of the brief lecture, the audience may have been expecting a lecture that gave a more direct and detailed explanation of Zen, Suzuki chose to give a rather informal talk concerning the...

  20. 14 Early Memories
    (pp. 202-210)

    In the last several years of his life, Suzuki granted a series of interviews in both Japanese and English concerning his life and work. In Japanese, these interviews became the basis for autobiographical and biographical accounts of Suzuki’s life that were carried in Buddhist newspapers and magazines, includingDaijō ZenandChūgai nippō.In addition, as noted in the editorial foreword below, Suzuki also gave a briefer interview for publication by the Buddhist Society, London, whose president, Christmas Humphreys, had a long and close relationship with Suzuki.

    In “Early Memories,” Suzuki details events that occurred more than six decades before...

  21. NOTES
    (pp. 211-234)
  22. GLOSSARY OF CHINESE, JAPANESE, AND KOREAN TERMS
    (pp. 235-248)
  23. BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. 249-254)
  24. INDEX
    (pp. 255-274)