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Collective Action and Radicalism in Brazil

Collective Action and Radicalism in Brazil: Women, Urban Housing and Rural Movements

Maurilio de Lima Galdino
  • Book Info
    Collective Action and Radicalism in Brazil
    Book Description:

    The central topic of this book is an examination of three major recent movements within Brazil's civil society: the women's movement, the urban housing movement, and the landless peasant movement.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7309-0
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. ix-xii)
    Michel Duquette
  4. Abbreviations
    (pp. xiii-2)
  5. Introduction: The Rise of Public Protest
    (pp. 3-24)

    The military dictatorships of Latin America, floundering in the exercise of the power which – most notably in Argentina – they had abused so egregiously and without meeting the minimal requirements of durable growth, gave way in fairly rapid succession to democratic experiments. Although not reaching the levels of success wished for by developed nations, these experiments nevertheless made marked progress. A new generation of intellectuals, politicians, and activists, receptive to the calls for an opening up to the outside world and determined to lay the foundations of a long-awaited economic and social catch-up, played a crucial role in this...

  6. 1 Social Movements and Radicalism: The Brazilian Context
    (pp. 25-65)

    The two research avenues identified in the Introduction – endogenous and exogenous factors accounting for the expression of public protest – are distinct, and yet they intersect. The first approaches our topic through an examination of the microsociology of organizations: it explores the origin, nature, structure, and evolution of social movements and contends that at a certain point in their evolution they will display radical characteristics. Radicalism, like the traits linked to other stages, is seen by many authors to stem from the endogenous dynamic of a movement rather than from exogenous stimuli, or even from sufficient cause. The will...

  7. 2 Women’s Movements: From Local Action to Internationalization of the Repertoire
    (pp. 66-96)

    In the 1970s and 1980s Latin American women mobilized around social and political demands. By formulating these demands in terms of rights, and by calling for recognition of such rights in the name of citizenship, they became active protagonists in the struggle to broaden the role of the state; in struggling against dictatorships, they joined the chorus of those condemning its exactions. Their actions afforded them essential visibility and legitimacy, and allowed for an articulation of their interests, needs, demands, and identities extending beyond the domestic, community, and neighbourhood. Women’s organizations in Brazil, for example, participated actively in the task...

  8. 3 The Housing Movement in the City of São Paulo: Crisis and Revival
    (pp. 97-129)

    In the 1970s, when the military ruled, various new social movements began to emerge in Brazil. Unlike their predecessors, these movements arose in both the cities and the countryside, impelled by Christian Base Communities (CEBs), the church’s social work units, and young non-religious leftist activists. The military had not established a political system where popular demands could be answered, or even listened to. Deprived of political channels, and thus barred from participating in the political process, middle-class activists from the church and the universities went to the lower classes throughout the country, mobilizing them into local community groups and later...

  9. 4 The Return of Radicalism to the Countryside: The Landless Movement
    (pp. 130-155)

    Surprising as it may seem, the issue of rural development is once again moving to the forefront of the Latin American agenda. This is the result of a recent rise in the level of radicalism among mass agrarian movements. Is rural radicalism evidence of dwindling resistance to liberal reforms, on the part of corporate interests (Faucher and Armijo, 2000)? Or is it, indeed, a new political trend that deserves analysis (Petras, 2000)? This chapter will examine the goals and aspirations of radical rural movements and highlight the conditions that favoured their emergence, focusing especially on the rural organizations that flourished...

  10. 5 Collective Action at the Crossroads: The Empowerment of the Left
    (pp. 156-206)

    The case studies we have presented open the way to a wide array of conclusions and analyses, some specific to the particular topics, others of a more general nature concerning national politics and the coming to power of the left in Brasília.

    We examined women’s demands and mobilization in Brazil. During both the authoritarian interim and the more recent turn towards democratization, these were a response to new tensions born of two different sets of circumstances. First, the nature of the regime severely limited the possible areas of women’s participation. Second, the economic crisis brought about severe social dislocation, and...

  11. Contributors
    (pp. 207-208)
  12. Index
    (pp. 209-218)
  13. Back Matter
    (pp. 219-220)